Burdock (Arctium Nemorosum, Auct. Angl. = A. Newbouldii, Williams)

The habitat of the plant is woods. The leaves are convolute, heart-shaped, oblong to ovate, on hollow stalks, angular, rfearly flat above. The flowerheads are purple, racemose, hardly stalked, round, ovate, contracted at the mouth in fruit, slightly webbed, in threes, close, at the end of branches, when young ovate, prolonged, not umbilicate. The phyllaries are ascending, and equal or exceed the florets, being awllike, the inner row lance-shaped, shorter. The upper part of the florets is more or less cylindrical, as long as the lower part. The plant is 2-4 ft. high, flowering in August, and is a biennial.

Scabious-Leaved Hawkweed (Crepis Hiera-Cioides, Waldst. & Kit. = H. Mollis, Aschers)

The habitat of this plant is woods in the north, mountain woods, and shady places. The habit is the rosette habit. The plant is erect, the stem purple below, slender, hairy or smooth. The lower leaves are oblong, spoon-shaped, narrowed into a foot-stalk, the upper stalkless, half-clasping, linear, oblong. The flowerheads are few, the florets yellow, in a corymb, the flower-stalk glandular, hairy. The involucral bracts are tipped with glands, lance-shaped, narrow, the involucre nearly cylindrical, the outer bracts close, short, as long as the pappus. The fruit is smooth, striate, with many ribs, narrowed above and below, as long as the White silky pappus. The plant is 2-3 ft. in height, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Marsh Hawksbeard (Crepis Paludosa, Moench)

The habitat of this plant is moist mountain meadows, moist grassy ground, shady places, woods, and copses. The habit is erect, the stem being smooth, unbranched, angular, with many leaves, the radical ones egg-shaped, oblong, tapered, lance-shaped, the stem-leaves oval, large, heart-shaped, clasping, the leaf-stalks slender.

The flowers are yellow, the involucral bracts glandular, with black hairs. The fruit is cylindrical, not beaked, the pappus stiff, brittle, dirty white or brown, 10-ribbed. The plant is 2 ft. in height and is in flower between July and September, being a herbaceous perennial.

Orange Hawkweed (Hieraciutn Aurantiacum, L.)

The habitat of this plant is woods, pastures, waste places, where it is naturalized, railway banks, copses, in the N. of England and Scotland. The habit is the semi-rosette habit. The root-stock is creeping, with short or no stolons. The stem is leafy, slightly hairy, bristly, and woolly above. The leaves are green, egg-shaped, lance-shaped, hairy both sides, not cottony below. The flowerheads form a corymb. The florets are orange. The involucral bracts are blunt, the ligules orange. The styles are brown. The plant is 9-15 inches in height, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Hieracium Pinnatifidum, Lonnr

The habitat of this plant is woods. The stem is tall, wavy, purplish, stiffly hairy below and above, downy above. The radical leaves are 3-4, the outer soon fading, oval, toothed or nearly entire, the inner oval to oblong, lance-shaped, the innermost acute, shortly toothed. The stem-leaves are distant, the lower large, egg-shaped to lance-shaped, long-pointed, deeply divided nearly to the base, toothed below, with irregular lobes, stiffly hairy, stellately downy. The panicle is simple, the lower branches distant, the upper close, longer than the acladium. The flower-stalks are woolly-felted, hairy, glandular. The involucre is slender, rounded below. The phyllaries are linear to lance-shaped, the inner with a green border, with long, naked, points, woolly-felted at the base, glandular, sparsely hairy. The styles are yellowish or dingy.

Hieracium tridentatum, Fr., pro parte. - The habitat of this plant is hedgebanks and borders of woods. The stem is purplish, stiffly hairy, woolly-felted, nearly smooth above. The lowest leaves form a rosette or are close, and the outer are oblong, lance-shaped, acute, toothed. The lower stem-leaves are shortly stalked, lance-shaped, toothed, woolly-felted, stiffly hairy below, fringed with hairs on the border. The panicle is a compound corymb, the branches racemose, slender, erect to spreading, the upper close to spreading. The flower-stalks are arching, stiffly hairy, glandular. The heads are small, dark green, egg-shaped below. The phyllaries are dark green, linear, triangular to lance-shaped, the inner narrow, pale-tipped, woolly-felted, senescent, glandular, hairy. The styles are yellow to brown. The plant is 1-2 1/2 ft. high, flowering from July to September, and is a herbaceous perennial.