Fingered Sedge (Carex Digitata, L.)

The habitat of this species is copses on limestone. The habit is sedge-like. The stems are smooth, slender, erect or curved, sheathed below, bluntly 3-angled. The radical leaves are bent back, with a rolled-back margin, flat, soft, linear. The bracts are blunt, the lower awl-like, membranous, brown, green-tipped. The fertile spikelets are 2-3, with 6-8 flowers, loose, distant, erect, linear. The males are solitary. The fruit is inversely egg-shaped, hairy, 3-angled, narrow below, as long as the glume, with a short, straight, nearly entire beak. The nut is stalked, brown, 3-angled, with a short beak. The plant is 6-10 in. high, flowering in April and May, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Hammer Sedge (Carex Hirta, L.)

The habitat of this plant is damp copses, wet places, grassy places. The habit is sedge-like. The stem is slender, hairless, leafy, shining, 3-angled. The leaves are long, flat, hairy, with split sheaths, rarely hairless. The sheaths are long. The lower bracts are sheaths. The male spikes are close, 2-3, pale, glistening. The fertile spikes are distant, green, cylindrical, oblong, stalked. The glumes are small, broad, with membranous margin and a green midrib, the awn rigid, rough, spreading. The fruit is tawny, egg-shaped to oblong, narrowed into a short beak, deeply divided nearly to the base. There are 3 stigmas. The nut is inversely egg-shaped. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in May and June, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Tall Wood Sedge (Carex Icevigata, Sm. = C Helodes, Link.)

The habitat of this plant is wet thickets and copses, and marshes. The habit is sedge-like. The stem is tall, smooth. The leaves are broad, short, dotted beneath. The bracts are sheathing, auricled opposite the blade. The male spikelets are 3-angled, 2, with blunt, short-pointed glumes. The fertile spikelets are drooping, cylindrical, distant, with exserted stalks. The glumes are acute, purple, with a pale dorsal, longitudinal band. The fruit is green, egg-shaped, narrowed, finely furrowed. The beak is slender, long, with rough edges. The ligule is long. The nut is stalked, 3-angled, pale, dotted, narrowed below, rather pear-shaped. The plant is 2-3 ft. high, flowering in June, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Few-Seeded Sedge (Carex Depauperata, Good. = C. Ventricosa, Curt.)

The habitat of this species is dry woods. The habit is sedge-like. The stem is slender, smooth, leafy, 3-angled. The leaves are long and flat. The bracts are flat, rough, leaflike, the sheaths long. The spikelets are erect, short, distant, 3-4-flowered, the males with a blunt, pale glume, very slender, with many flowers. The fertile spikes are erect, distant, 3-4-flowered, on exserted stalks. The fruit is large, rounded, with a long slender beak, divided into 2 nearly to the base, with rough edges, ribbed. The nut is elliptic, 3-angled, the angles blunt. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in May and June, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Common Wood Sedge (Carexsylvatica, Huds.)

The habitat of this species is damp woods. The habit is sedge-like. The plant is slender, with a 3-sided, smooth stem, rough at the top. The leaves are flat, membranous, bright-green, narrow. The bracts are leaflike with long sheaths, not half as long as the flower-stalks. The male spikelets are pale. The female are thread-like, branched below, the stalk half projecting. The glumes are loose or scattered, acute, egg-shaped, green, keeled. The fruit is elliptic, nearly stalkless, obscurely veined, with a long, slender, smooth beak, which is divided into 2 nearly to the base. The nut is broad, 3-sided. The plant is 2 ft. in height, flowering in May and June, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Loose Sedge (Carex Strigosa, Huds.)

The habitat of this plant is woods, groves, thickets, copses. The habit is sedge-like, the stem smooth, leafy, 3-angled. The leaves are flat, broad, pale-green, limp, the sheaths auricled opposite the blade. The bracts are leafy, shorter than the stems, the sheaths long. The male spikelets are pale and slender. The fertile spikelets are slender, drooping, distant, long, loose, many-flowered, with exserted stalks. The fruit is oblong, lance-shaped, veined, narrowed each end, with a blunt mouth, the beak obscure. The nut is elliptic. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in May and June, and is a herbaceous perennial.