Bullace (Prunus Insititia, L.)

The habitat of this plant is woods and hedges. The habit is that of a shrub, in general like that of the Sloe, which it resembles (though it is taller), but the straight branches are not, or very slightly, spinous, the bark brown, the leaves oblong, inversely egg-shaped, larger and broader, with blunt teeth, downy below, the flowers appearing usually with the leaves with broader petals, the flower-stalk downy, the fruit a drupe, round, drooping, black or yellow. The height is 6-15 ft. It flowers in March onward till May, and is a deciduous shrub.

Gean (Prunus Avium, L.)

The habitat of this tree is woods. The habit is the tree habit There are no suckers. The branches are rigid, short, stout, ascending. The leaves are drooping, limp, large, pale-green, oblong, inversely egg-shaped, downy below, long-stalked, the margin toothed. The leaf-buds have the outer scales bent back, the flower-buds are not leafy. The flowers are white, in nearly stalkless umbels, the petals divided into two nearly to the base, and stalked, the corolla open, and limp, the tube of the calyx narrowed above, the sepals entire. The fruit is heart-shaped, sweet or bitter, the juice staining black. The tree is 20-30 ft. high, flowering in May, and deciduous.

Bird Cherry (Prunus Padus, L.)

The habitat of this tree is woods and hedges, especially in North Britain. The Bird Cherry has the tree habit, with drooping-, clustered branches. The leaves are folded upon each other lengthwise in bud, elliptic, lance-shaped, smooth, finely doubly-toothed, unequally heart-shaped below, downy in the axils of the veins. The stipules are awl-like, linear, glandular, toothed.' The flowers are white, erect, then drooping, in long drooping racemes in the axils, or terminal, and appear after the leaves. The flower-stalks are erect in fruit. The fruit is round, or oblong, egg-shaped, black, bitter. The nut or stone is wrinkled, rounded. The tree is 10-25 ft. in height. It is in flower in May and June, and deciduous.

Willow-Leaved Spiraea (Spircea Salicifolia, L.)

This plant is an alien in this country and not indigenous, growing in plantations and hedges. It multiplies freely by stolons. The habit is shrublike. The branches are smooth, round, straight. The leaves are lance-shaped, oblong, unequally toothed, smooth. There are no stipules. The flowers are pink or flesh-coloured, in compound, erect, dense, terminal racemes, nearly cylindrical. The petals are not so long as the stamens, which project. The carpels are smooth, and contain many ovules. The plant is 3-5 ft. in height, and flowers in July and August, and is a deciduous shrub.

Raspberry (Rubus Idaeus, L.)

The habitat of this plant is woods and thickets. The habit is shrubby. The stem produces numerous suckers, and is erect, with many prickles, round. The leaves have lobes each side of a common stalk, with 3-5 leaflets, stalkless, coarsely toothed, egg-shaped, with a long point, hoary-white below. The flowers are drooping. The petals are white, short. The red or amber drupes fall when ripe. The Raspberry is 4-6 ft. in height, and flowers from June to August, being a deciduous shrub.