Borrer's Manna Grass (Glyceria Borreri, Bab.)

The habitat of this species is salt marshes on the eastern and southern coasts. The plant has the grass habit. The plant is bluish-green in colour. There are no stolons. The stems are densely tufted, stout. The leaves are flat, short. The sheaths are very long. The ligule is blunt, short. The panicle is short, contracted, strict, not or slightly lengthened in fruit, with a stout rachis, 2-3-branched, the branches solitary, at length erect to spreading, the lowest usually in fours, stiffly hairy. The spikelets are rather small, linear, 4-7-flowered, the rachis round in section. There are 3-6 flowering glumes. The lower palea has a rigid, hard point, formed by the tip of the dorsal vein, the edges not being rolled inwards. The plant is 6-18 in. high, flowering between June and September. It is a herbaceous perennial.

Procumbent Manna Grass (Glyceria Procum-Bens, Dum.)

The habitat of this plant is muddy seashores and salt marshes. The plant has the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The stems are prostrate, erect in water, rigid, short, stout, spreading. The leaves are flat, short, bluish-green, more or less acute, hairless. The sheaths are large, grooved, inflated. The ligules are short. The panicle is rigid, green, inversely lance-shaped, egg-shaped, compact, in two rows, the branches short and rigid, solitary or 2-3, stout, erect to spreading, smooth, more or less in two rows. The spikelets are but shortly stalked, crowded, linear-lance - shaped, 4-10 - flowered. The rachis is angular. The flowering glumes are 3-5, blunt, with a short point. The florets are large. The plant is 3-6 in. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous annual.

Secund Grass (Festuca Uniglumis, Sol. = F. Membranacea, L., Non Kit.)

The habitat of this plant is sandy sea-coasts. The plant has the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The stem is erect, leafy throughout almost, bent below, slender, hairless. The leaves are bristle-like, short. The upper sheaths are large, inflated, the uppermost distant from the spike. The ligule is short and auricled. The panicle is erect, simple, one-sided, close, short, oblong, pale-green, shining. The rachis is smooth. The spikelets have awl-like awns, and are all turned one side, being in fruit wedge-shaped, and the flowers are keeled and flattened. The flower-stalks are short and stout. The rachilla is smooth. The lower empty glume is very small, with awl-like tips, the upper 3-nerved, membranous (hence membranacea). The flowering glumes are distant, very narrow, with prominent nerves, rounded below, flattened above, narrowed to the awl-like awn. The flowers are triandrous. The ovary is hairless. The glumes are very unequal, often only one (hence uniglumis). The plant is 6-12 in. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous annual.

Desmazeria (Festuca) loliacea, Huds. = F. rott-bosllioides, Kunth. - The habitat of this plant is sandy shores. The plant has the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The stems are spreading, erect, or ascending, leafy, stout, slightly curved. The leaves are flat, rolled together lengthwise, small. The sheaths are smooth. The ligule is oblong. The spikes are strict, half-round, wavy, with smooth edges, a raceme-like panicle, simple, with alternate, solitary, linear - oblong spikelets in two rows, stalkless, erect, green. The flowering glumes are 8-12, blunt, with a short point, with faint nerves, bluntly keeled, smooth, the lateral nerves strongest. The upper glume reaches to the base of the fourth floret. The plant is 4-8 in. high, and flowers between May and July, being a herbaceous annual.