R. rubrum: shrub; leaves palmately 3-5-lobed, inodorous; flowers complete, greenish, in pendulous racemes, the stalks all short; berries smooth, red or white. - Common Currant. - Mountainous woods. Fl. April, May.

R. nigrum: shrub; leaves palmately 3-lobed, strongly scented; flowers complete, greenish, in pendulous racemes, the lower stalks longer than the upper ones; berries smooth, black. - Black Currant. - Cool shady thickets. Fl. April, May.

** Branches armed with prickles.

R. Grossularia: shrub; leaves palmately 3-5-lobed, inodorous; flowers greenish, hanging, the peduncles 1-2-flow-ered; berries yellowish, oblong, much varied by cultivation, smooth or hairy. - Gooseberry. - Thickets. Fl. April, May.