Cone

a dense aggregation of scalelike carpels, arranged round an axis, as in the fir tribe.

Compressed

flattened lengthwise, as in the pod of a pea, or in some stems.

Conical

approaching the form of a cone.

Connate

when the bases of two opposite leaves are united round the stem, so that this appears to pass through them.

Connective

a portion of the stamen, distinct from the filament, which connects the cells of the anthers. Connivent, converging.

Continuous

where there is no break in the arrangement of parts; the opposite of interrupted.

Contorted

when an organ is folded or twisted back upon itself.

Convolute

rolled up in a longitudinal direction, so that one edge overlaps the other, as the spathe of an Arum.

Cordate

resembling the heart in a pack of cards.

Coriaceous

leathery.

Corky

resembling cork in texture.

Corm

the swollen, succulent, bulblike mass which composes the stem of certain monocotyledons, as in the Crocus; frequently termed a solid-bulb.

Corolla

the floral whorl next in succession within the calyx, composed of petals, which are free or more or less united together.

Corolline

of or belonging to a corolla.

Coronet

certain appendages, free or united, seated on the inner surface of the perianth, as the cup in Narcissus, or the scales in Silene.

Corymb

an inflorescence of which the branches originate at different parts along the main axis, and elevate all the flowers to about the same height.

Corymbose

approaching the form assumed by the corymb.

Cottony

bearing long soft entangled and interlaced hairs.

Cotyledon

a seed-lobe, or seed-leaf as it is often called; some embryos possess only one (monocotyledons), others have two (dicotyledons), or more.

Crenate

having a series of rounded marginal prominences.

Crescent-shaped

approaching the figure of a crescent, as the glands on the involucre of Euphorbia.

Crest

an irregular, elevated, notched ridge, resembling the crest of a helmet.

Crisped

curled.

Cryptogam

a term applied to the lower tribes of plants, which are not furnished with true flowers.

Cryptogamic

having the characteristics of the cryptogams, that is, not bearing true flowers.

Culm

the stem of a grass.

Cuneate

wedge-shaped.

Cupuliferous

bearing cupules or involucres composed of bracts adhering by their bases, and forming a sort of cup in which the fruit is seated, as in the oak or nut.

Cuspidate

gradually tapering into a sharp stiff point.

Cylindrical

approaching closely to the form of a cylinder; as the stems of grasses.