Endogen

the same as a monocotyledon. Endogenous, possessing the internal structure of monocotyledons, that is with the newest cellular and vascular tissue of the stem produced within the older, and not collected in concentric rings. Entire, without any traces of division, incision, or separation. Epigynous, having the outer whorls of the flower adherent to the ovary, so that their upper portions alone are free, and appear to be seated on it, as in the Um-bellifers. Equal, where one part is of the same general form, disposition, and size, as some other part with which it is compared; synonymous with regular. Epipetalous, growing on the petals. Erect, when any part or organ stands perpendicularly, or very nearly so, to the surface to which its base is attached. Evergreen, bearing green leaves all the year round.

Exogen

the same as a dicotyledon.

Exogenous

the peculiar structure of dicotyledonous stems, wherein the successive deposits of newly organized wood are exterior to the old ones, and form concentric layers.

Falcate

plane and curved, with the edges parallel, like a sickle. Fasciculate, where several similar parts originate at the same spot, and are collected, as it were, into a bundle. Filament, the stalk which in many stamens supports the anther.

Filiform

cylindrical and slender, like a thread.

Flaccid

bending without elasticity.

Fleshy

firm but of succulent texture.

Floret

one of the little flowers in a head, as in Cornpositae.

Flosculons

when the corolla of a floret is tubular.

Flower

the apparatus destined for the production of seed, and necessarily including one or other, or both, of the sexual organs.

Foliaceous

of the nature of a leaf.

Follicle

a one-valved inflated peri-carp, opening by a suture along one of the sides to which the seeds are attached.

Forked

separating into two distinct branches, more or less apart.

Foveolate

impressed with small holes or depressions.

Fringed

clothed with hair-like appendages or cilia on the margin.

Fugacious

soon falling off or perishing, as the calyx of poppies.

Funnel-shaped

tubular, small below and widening upwards.

Furcate

forked.

Furrowed

marked by depressed lines.

Germen

the same as Ovary; the base of the pistil, containing the ovules.

Germination

the act by which seeds begin to grow.

Gibbous

convex as though swollen.

Glabrous

wholly destitute of pubescence.

Gland

a secreting organ of cellular tissue, sometimes sunk or sometimes elevated.

Glaucous

dull green with a peculiar whitish-blue lustre.

Globular

nearly spherical.

Glume

the outermost husks of the floral envelopes of grasses. Glumaceotis, resembling the dry scale-like glumes of grasses. Granulated, covered with, or composed of, small tubercles resembling grains. Gramde, a small grain; also a small wort-like appendage on the calyx of certain species of dock. Gynandrous, having the stamens and style coherent into a common body.