This section is from the book "The Botanical Magazine; Or, Flower-Garden Displayed", by William Curtis. Also available from Amazon: The Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed, Volume I.
Lupinus Perennis. Perennial Lupine.
Cal. 2-labiatus. Antherae 5, oblongae 5, subrotundae. Legumen coriaceum.
LUPINUS perennis calycibus alternis inappendiculatis: labio superiore emarginato; inferiore integro. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. ed. 14. Murr. p. 655. Ait. Kew. v. 3. p. 28.
LUPINUS calycibus alternis, radice perenni repente. Fl. Virg. 172.
LUPINUS caeruleus minor perennis virginianus repens. Moris. hist. 2. p. 87. s. 2. t. 7. f. 6.
LUPINUS floribus caeruleis inodoris, in spicas longas digestis, radice reptatrice. Clayt. n. 779.
Every species of Lupine described in the Species Plantarum of Linnaeus, and in the Hortus Kewensis of Mr. Aiton, except the one here figured, are annuals; till another perennial one therefore shall be discovered, the term perennis will be strictly applicable to the present plant.
Its root is not only of the kind just mentioned, but creeping also; Mr. Miller informs us, that he traced some of them belonging to plants of a year old, to the depth of three feet, they also spread out far and wide; hence the roots even of young plants are with difficulty taken up entire, and as they do not succeed well by transplanting, if the root be cut or broken, our excellent author prefers raising this elegant plant from seed, which, though not very plentifully produced, ripen in July and August; care must be taken to gather them as soon as ripe.
It is a native of Virginia, and appears to have been cultivated in the Botanic Garden at Oxford, as long since as 1658.
Flowers from May to July.
Is a hardy perennial, succeeding best in a dry situation, with a loam moderately stiff.