This section is from the book "The Botanical Magazine; Or, Flower-Garden Displayed", by William Curtis. Also available from Amazon: The Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed, Volume I.
Ixia Bulbocodium. Crocus-LeavED Ixia
Cor. 1-petala, tubulosa; tubo recto, filiformi; limbo 6-partito, campanulato, aequali. Stigmata tria, simplicia. Thunb. Diss. de Ixia.
IXIA Bulbocodium scapo unifloro brevissimo, foliis angulatis caulinis, stigmatibus sextuplicibus. Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. 13. p. 76.
IXIA Bulbocodium scapo ramoso, floribus solitariis, foliis sulcatis reflexis. Thunb. Diss. n. 3.
CROCUS vernus angustifolius. 1. 11. Clus. Hist. i. p. 207. violaceo flore, 208. ejusd.
There are three plants cultivated in the gardens of the curious to which Bulbocodium is applied, either as a generic or a trivial name, viz. Narcissus Bulbocodium, Bulbocodium vernum, already figured, and the present plant: the Ixia Bulbocodium and Bulbocodium vernum are given in this work, not so much for their beauty as their rarity, not so much to gratify the eye, as to communicate a knowledge of two plants but little known, and liable to be confounded from a similarity of their names.
This is one of the few hardy species of the genus, and grows wild in many parts of Spain and Italy; it is said to have been found in Guernsey: it affects hilly and dry situations, will grow readily in almost any soil, especially if fresh, and not infested with vermin: it flowers about the middle of April, the blossoms do not expand fully unless exposed to the sun, and are not of long duration: authors describe the wild plants as varying greatly in colour, vid. Clus. they are most commonly pale blue.
Like the Crocus, it increases readily by offsets.
Was cultivated by Mr. Miller, in 1739, Ait. Kew. Bulbocodium, 1. in the 6th edition of his Dictionary in 4to, is not this plant, but the Anthericum scrotinum, Jacq. Fl. Austr. v. 5. app. t. 38.