Iris pumila. Dwarf Iris.

Class and Order:

Triandria Monogynia.

Generic Character:

Corolla sex-partita: Petalis alternis, reflexis. Stigmata petaliformia.

Specific Character and Synonyms:

IRIS pumila corollis barbatis, caule foliis breviore unifloro. Lin. Syst. Vegetab. p. 78. Sp. Plant. p. 56. Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 1.

CHAMaeIRIS minor flore purpureo. Bauh. Pin. 33.

The lesser purple dwarf Flower-de-luce. Park. Parad. p. 186.

9 Iris pumila Dwarf Iris

Gardeners, in former days, not having that profusion of plants to attend to and cultivate, which we can at present boast, appear to have been more solicitous in increasing generally the varieties of the several species; accordingly, we find in the Paradisus terrestris of the venerable Parkinson, no less than six varieties of this plant[C], most of which are now strangers to the Nursery Gardens. We may observe, that varieties in general not being so strong as the original plant, are consequently much sooner lost.

The Iris pumila grows wild in many parts of Hungary, affects open and hilly situations, and flowers in our gardens in the month of April; it is a very hardy plant, and will thrive in almost any soil or situation; is propagated by parting its roots in autumn.

[C]

ThelesserpurpledwarfFlower-de-lucewith white blossoms,
"""""straw colour ditto.
"""""pale blue ditto.
"""""blush-coloured ditto.
"""""yellow variable ditto.
"""""blue variable ditto, and
the purple dwarf Sea Flower-de-luce of the same author, is probably no other than a variety.