Family, Holly. Color, white. Leaves, alter-nate, oval, inversely ovate or lance - shape, 2 to 3 inches long, serrate, pointed, on short petioles, rather thick, dark green above, downy along the veins underneath. Flowers, of two kinds, all with short peduncles. Staminate flowers with a calyx of 6 small sepals with fringed margins, crowded in clusters of 3 to 12 in the leaf-axils. Pistillate flowers, 1 to 3 in the axils, with a corolla of 6 or 7 spreading recurved petals. These have false stamens, with white filaments and anthers containing no pollen. Fruit, bright, scarlet berries, each filled with 6 or 8 seeds. The berries remain, clustered along the stem, after leaves have fallen.

Phis shrub, so attractive in fall, is very common in thickets bordering roadsides - those thickets which should be left as coverts for our birds. The careful farmer who clears away all his shrubbery will have few song birds around his place, and on that account he will have plenty of insects.