From the dry fields and pastures to the roadsides is an easy journey for the seeds of dry soil plants. Wherever man makes a highway for himself, there his humble followers of the vegetable kingdom come. They give color and beauty to what would otherwise be a sandy path. Those who have driven along roads in the Old World, as in some parts of Sicily, in which high walls on either side bound strips of white dust, will remember with gratitude the roads of New England, gorgeous with asters and golden-rod in September. These friends of ours flourish alike in drought, dust, and summer tempest. Alas! they are seldom seen by the tourists who rush by in a big car. For real pleasure, give us a comfortable buggy drawn by a friendly horse on whose back the reins idly lie, leisure, a friend, and a country road.

Blackberry Lily (Belamcanda chinensis). Page 159. Ladies' Tresses (Spiranthes Beckii). Page 52. (S. gracilis). Page 52.

Prairie Willow (Salix humilis). Page 377. Dwarf Gray Willow (5. tristis). Page 378. Sweet Fern (Myrica asplenifolia). Page 380. Hazelnut. Filbert (Corylus americana). Page 380. Beaked Hazelnut (C. rostrata). Page 380. Dwarf Birch (Betula glandulosa). Page 381. Slender Nettle (Urtica gracilis). Page 25. Stinging Nettle (U. dioica). Page 25.

Small Nettle (U. urens). Page 25. The nettles sometimes become disagreeable weeds. Bastard Toad-flax (Comandra umbellata). Page 56. Field Mouse-ear Chickweed (Cerastium arvense). Page 65. Common Mouse-ear Chickweed (C. vulgatum). Page 65. Mouse-ear Chickweed (C. viscosum). Page 65. Red Campion (Lychnis dioica). Page 254. White Campion (L. alba). Page 66.

Campion. Sleepy Catchfly (Silene antirrhina). Page 254. Night-flowering Catchfly (S. noctiflora). Page 68. Bladder Campion (5. latifolia). Page 66.

Soapwort. Bouncing Bet (Saponaria officinalis). Page 256. Deptpord Pink (Dianthus Arnteria). Page 256.

Common Barberry (Berberis vulgaris). Page 426.

Horn Poppy. Sea Poppy (Glaucium flavum). Page 169.

Common Fumitory (Fumaria officinalis). Page 260.

Whitlow Grass (Draba verna). Page 77.

(D. caroliniana). Page 79.

Wild Peppergrass (Lepidium virginicum). Page 79.

Black Mustard (Brassica nigra). Page 169.

Mouse-ear Cress (Sisymbrium Thalianum). Page 79.

Rock Cress (Arabis lyrata). Page 81.

Tower Mustard (A. glabra). Page 81.

Dyer's Weed or Weld (Reseda Luteola). Page 31.

Meadow - sweet (Spiraea latifolia). This is the common meadow - sweet, with pink or white blossoms, found in dry, rocky fields and pastures in New England. It may be known by its dark-red stems, thin, coarsely serrate leaves and panicled flowers.

Hardhack. Steeple Bush (S. tomentosa). Page 437. The hard-hack is often found along roadsides with the white species. It is listed in Chapter XIV (Wet Meadows, And Thickets. Low, Rich Grounds).

Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana). Page 86. Often this plant is found in dry as well as moist fields. Listed in Chapter XIV (Wet Meadows, And Thickets. Low, Rich Grounds).

(Duchesnea indica). Page 86.

Tall Cinquefoil (Potentilla arguta). Page 172.

Five-finger (P. monspeliensis). Page 172.

Silvery Cinquefoil (P. argentea). Page 172.

Shrubby Cinquefoil (P. fruticosa). Page 174.

Common Cinquefoil (P. canadensis). Page 174.

Queen of the Prairie (Filipendula rubra). Page 260.

Black Raspberry (Rubus occidentalis). Page 398.

Purple Flowering Raspberry (R. odoratus). Page 437. Doubtless this grows also in woods. I have found it several times bordering roads.

Dewberry (R. villosus). Page 399.

Sweetbrier. Eglantine (Rosa rubigiyiosd). Page 439.

Sloe. Blackthorn (Prunus instititia). Page 400.

Chickasaw Plum (P. angustifolia). Page 400.

Partridge Pea (Cassia Chamaecrista). Page 177.

Wild Sensitive Plant (C. nictitans). Page 177.

Dyer's Greenweed (Genista tinctoria). Page 428.

White Clover (Trifolium re pens). Page 89.

Yellow or Hop Clover (T. agrarium). Page 179.

Low Hop Clover (T. procumbens). Page 180.

Rabbit-foot or Stone Clover (T. arvense). Page 313,

Sweet Clover. Yellow Melilot (Melilotus officinalis). Page 180.

White Melilot (M. alba). Page 89.

Black Medick. Nonesuch (Medicago lupulina). Page 180.

Coronilla (Coronilla varia). Page 261.

Hairy Vetch (Vicia hirsuta). Page 317.

(V. tetrasperma). Page 317.

Butterfly Pea (Clitoria mariana). Page 454.

Long-stalked Cranesbill (Geranium columbianum). Page 319.

Whorled Milkwort (Polygala verticillata). Page 90.

Three-seeded Mercury (Acalypha virginica). Page 33.

Milk Purslane (Euphorbia maculata). Page 265.

Stag-horn Sumach (Rhus typhina). Page 387.

Smooth Sumach (R. glabra). Page 389.

Burning Bush. Waahoo (Evonymus atropurpureus). Page 455.

Mallow (Malva verticillata). A species similar to M. crispa

(described on page 92). It differs in its leaves, which are roundish, 5 to 7 crenately lobed, and not crisped or crinkled. High Mallow (M. sylvestris). Page 265. Musk Mallow (M. moschata). Page 92. These mallows may be also reckoned as weeds. Bird-foot Violet (Viola pedata). Page 321. Clammy Cuphea (Cuphea petiolata). Page 323. Common Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis). Page 195. Sundrops (O. jruticosa). Page 195. (O. pumila). Page 197. Gaura (Gaura biennis). Page 274. Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum). Page 102. Fool's Parsley (Aethusa Cynapium). Page 106. Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa). Page 198. Sheep Laurel. Lambkill. Wicky (Kalmia angustifolia). Page

442. This pink laurel may be found in moist or dry soil, in pastures and borders of swamps. Common Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis). Page 278. Bitter Herb. Earth Gall (Centaurium umbellatum). Page

282. Butterfly-weed. Pleurisy-root (Asclepias tuberosa). Page

200. Purple Milkweed (A. purpurascens). Page 328. (A. amplexicaulis). Page 328.

Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis). Page 419. Stickseed (Lappula virginiana). Page 330. Corn Gromwell (Lithospermum arvense). Page 119. Common Gromwell (L. officinale). Page 119. Viper's Bugloss. Blue-weed. Blue Devil (Echium vulgare).

Page 331.

White Vervain (Verbena urticaefolia). Page 120.

Bastard Pennyroyal (Trichostcma dichotomum). Page 333.

(T. lineare). Page 333.

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare). Page 120.

Self-heal. Heal-all. Carpenter-weed (Prunella vulgaris).

Page 337. Common Hemp Nettle (Galeopsis Tetrahit). Page 337. Red Hemp Nettle (G. Ladanum). Page 287. Wild Marjoram (Origanum vulgare). Page 341. Black Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). Page 203. Common Mullein (Verbaseum Thapsus). Page 204. Moth Mullein (V. Blattaria). Page 124. White Mullein (V. Lychnitis). Page 124. Butter and Eggs. Ramstead (Linaria vulgaris). Page 204. Snapdragon (Antirrhinum Oroutium). Page 125. Beard-tongue (Pcnstemon hirsutus). Page 347. Slender Gerardia (Gerardia tcnitifolia). Page 289. Indian Tobacco (Lobelia inflata). Page 353. Spiked Lobelia (L. spieata). Page 355. Large Button Snakeroot (Liatris scariosa). Page 357. Golden Aster (Chrysopsis falcata). Page 210. Maryland Golden Aster (C. mariana). Page 210. Silver-rod (Solidago bicolor). Page 134.

Golden-rod (S. puberula). Page 216. Not far from the coast. (5. hispida). Page 214. Sweet Golden-rod (S. odora). Page 216. Field Golden-rod (S. nemoralis). Page 218. Showy Aster (Aster spectabilis). Page 357. (A. concolor). Page 359. Near the coast. Late Purple Aster (A. patens). Page 359. Smooth Aster (A. laevis). Page 360. White Heath Aster (A. ericoides). Page 134. Dense-flowered Aster (A. multiflorus). Page 136. Bushy Aster (A. dumosus). Page 360. Calico Aster (A. lateriflorus). Page 136. New York Aster (A. novi-belgii). Page 362. Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron ramosus). Page 138. Plantain-leaved Everlasting (Antennaria plantaginifolia).

Page 140. Common Everlasting (Gnaphalium polycephalum). Page 142. Clammy Everlasting (G. decurrens). Page 142. Low Cudweed (G. uliginosum). Page 142. Elecampane (Inula Helcninm). Page 224. Great Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida). Page 37. (Tetragonotlurea Iwlianthoides). Page 226. Gray-headed Cone-flower (Lepachys pinnata). Page 228.

Yarrow. Milfoil (Achillea Millefolium). Page 143.

May-weed. Dog Fennel (Anthemis Cotula). Page 143.

Ox-eye Daisy. White-weed. Marguerite (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum). Page 144. This must also be reckoned a persistent and unwelcome weed.

Wormwood (Artemsia Absinthium). Page 235.

Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris). Page 235.

Burdock (Arctium Lappa). Page 366.

Musk Thistle (Carduus nutans). Page 366.

Common or Bull Thistle (Cirsium lanceolatum). Page 366.

Tall or Roadside Thistle (C. altissimum). Page 367.

Pasture Thistle (C. piimilum). Page 367.

Cotton or Scotch Thistle (Onopordum Acanthium). Page 368.

Brown Knapweed (Centaurea Jacea). Page 368.

Knapweed. Spanish Buttons (C. nigra). Page 368.

Nipple-wort (Lapsana communis). Page 236.

Succory or Chicory (Cichorium Inlybus). Page 369.

Dwarf Dandelion (Krigia virginica). Page 236.

Fall Dandelion (Lcontodon autumnalis). Page 237.

Goat's Beard (Tragopogon pratensis). Page 237.

Field Sow Thistle (Sonchus arvensis). Page 239.

Wild Lettuce. Horse-weed (Lactitca canadoisis). Page 239.

Lion's-foot. Gall-of-ihe-earth (Prenanthrs .scrpentaria). Page 146.

Orange Hawkwled. Devil's Paint-brush. Grim the Collier (Hieracium aurantiacum). Page 239.