A small, dry, indehiscent, 1-seeded fruit.
That part of the stamen which contains the pollen, usually consisting of 2 cells which, when the pollen is ripe, open by a slit.
The upper angle at the junction of stem and branch.
A soft, whitish, powdery appearance on fruit, leaves, etc.
A small leaf at the base of or upon the flower-stalk.
The outer flower-leaves, usually green.
The dry, dehiscent fruit of a compound pistil, as in poppy.
Bracts or scales which become dry and thin. Used especially of a scale accompanying the small flowers of the Composite family.
The long, narrow base of a petal, as in pinks.
Closed pollination. Applied to inconspicuous blossoms which are self-pollinated before the bud opens, as in stemless violets. Such plants bear other more showy blossoms, which arc-often fruitful.
The flower-leaves standing next within and above the calyx.
A cluster of flowers, flat or convex at top, blossoming first at the circumference, last at the center.
With roundish teeth.
A cluster of flowers, flat or convex at top, the central ones blossoming first; those around the margin last.
With the general inflorescence of the cyme.
Splitting open of capsules into regular valves, for the discharge of seeds. Dehiscent fruits contain more than one seed.
The central part of Composites, as distinguished from ray-flowers.
A stone-fruit, as the cherry and plum.
The stamen-stalk bearing the anther. It is not an essential part of the flower.
Diminutive of flower. Applied to the small flowers of Composites.
Smooth, without hairs or bristles.
Flowering; having reference to method, and, where there are several flowers, their relation to one another on the stem.
When an umbel of flowers is compound, the bracts underneath the secondary umbels are called involucels.
Applied to the two united petals in the front part of such Sowers as those of the pea and bean.
When a leaf is cut down to the midrib it is a compound leaf, and each division is a leaflet. Such a compound leaf is that of the common locust.
The fruit of the pea and bean family, usually opening along both sutures or seams.
The upper petal of orchids. Also applied to each division of 2-divided flowers, as mints or figworts.
Lyre-shaped. Leaves cut, with a large central, terminal lobe and smaller ones along the side, as in some mustards.
The central, large vein of a leaf.
Egg-shaped. Broader above, tapering below.
Leaves spreading from the tip of a common stalk.
A compound flower-cluster, irregularly branching. Grasses and lilies of the valley are examples.
The peculiarly shaped flowers of the Pulse family, having standard, wings, and keel.
The calyx of Composites; the down of thistles and dandelions.
The stalk of each flower of a cluster of flowers.
The naked stalk of a flower. When flowers are clustered, their common stalk is the common peduncle.
The floral envelope (sepals and petals) taken collectively.
A division of the corolla.
The foot-stalk of a leaf.
Pinnate leaves are compound leaves in which the leaflets are arranged on a common stalk, which answers to the midrib of a simple leaf.
The central, seed-bearing flower organ, including ovary, style, and stigma, the style not being an essential part.
That part of the ovary which bears ovules or seeds.
Numerous flowers on separate pedicels upon an elongated axis. Beneath each flower is, usually, a small bract.
The principal axis or stem in an elongated spike or cluster of flowers.
The tip of the flower-stalk, upon which the floral parts are regularly arranged.
A prostrate or underground stem, usually erect at apex, rooting at nodes or joints.
A winged, indehiscent fruit, as of the maple.
A flower-stalk arising from the root, without true leaves.
Division of the calyx.
Like the edge of a saw, teeth pointing forward.
Sitting. Of a leaf or flower destitute of stalk.
A spike of flowers with a fleshy, long axis.
A large leaf-like bract, infolding a flower cluster or single flower.
A form of inflorescence in which small flowers, sessile or nearly so, are crowded upon an elongated axis.
The pollen-bearing organ of the flower, standing next outside the pistil, consisting of anther and filament, the latter not always present.
The posterior, large petal of the flower of the Pulse family, infolding the others in bud.
The leaf-bearing part of a plant; erect, prostrate, or subterranean.
The appendages which sometimes grow on the opposite sides of a leaf, at the base of its petiole. Sometimes they sheathe the stem, as in buckwheat. Sometimes, as in clover leaves, they • tend along the leaf-stalk. Often they arc like small leaves or bracts.
The kind of inflorescence which includes several flowers springing from the same point.
Smaller, secondary umbels.
The side-petals of the papilionaceous corollas.