Family, Mezereum. Color, light yellow. Leaves, alternate, oval or inversely ovate, nearly smooth. No corolla, but a colored, tubular, funnel - shape, 4-toothed calyx. 4 long and 4 short stamens, inserted on the calyx, stand out from the flower. Fruit, a reddish berry. The numerous flowers emerge before the leaves, from a thick, scaly bud, which remains as an involucre, and later gives rise to a leafy branch. April.

This shrub has exceedingly tough bark, which was once used for thongs by the Indians. The wood is soft, white, and brittle. Found in moist, rich woods in all the Atlantic States and westward.