Family, Crowfoot. Color, yellow. Petals, none. Calyx, petal-like of 5 to 9 golden-yellow, broad, roundish sepals. Stamens, many. Pistils, 5 to 10, making many-seeded pods. Styles, mostly wanting. Stems, hollow and furrowed, 1 to 2 feet high, weak, ascending. Leaves, mostly from the root, but a few on the flower-stem. All large, rounded or kidney-shaped, on fleshy petioles. April to June.

Low, small, thickish herbs, among our earliest flowers to appear. Under the incorrect name of cowslip these plants are eaten as "greens," and they make a wholesome and agreeable dish. The true cowslip is a species of primrose. Caltha means golden cup, a suitable name for this bright, pretty spring flower that borders our marshes with gold. In swamps and wet meadows. (See illustration, p. 167.)

Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)

Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)