Family, Birch. Color 0/ catkins, green. They appear earlier than the leaves, clustered, the sterile elongated, drooping; the fertile short and thick. These are formed one summer, remain uncovered through the winter, and are developed the next season. Leaves, oval or inversely ovate, narrowed at base, rounded at apex, rather thick, very finely serrulate, 3 to 5 inches long, short-petioled, regularly veined, downy on the veins beneath, with oval stipules falling away early. April.

This shrub grows, mostly near the coast, on hillsides and in wet places, as borders of streams, where it makes close thickets. Farther south it attains the size of a small tree It is usually 5 to 20 feet high.