Stem, slender, sometimes reclining, 2 or 3 feet long. Leaves, bright green, entire, long, narrow, dotted. Panicle of flowers, small, 1-sided, broad, short, rather a dull yellow. When the leaves are crushed they usually give forth a pleasant, aniselike fragrance. September and October.
S. puberula. - Stem, smooth or somewhat softly hairy, 1 1/2 to 3 feet high. Basal leaves, 2 to 4 inches long, narrowed into a margined petiole. Upper leaves small, sessile, extending into the panicle of flowers. Plant covered with a soft, powdery bloom. Flowers crowded into a dense, terminal spike or thyrsus. August to October.
Sweet Golden-Rod (Solidugo odora)
Dry or poor soil from Maine to Florida and Mississippi near the coast.
S. stricta. - Stem, smooth, tall, wand-like, 2 to 8 feet high, not branched, covered with very small, linear, thick, appressed (laid flat against the stem) leaves. Flowers, in a slender spike or raceme. Leaves at base, on long petioles, broad at apex, tapering. August to October.
Pine barrens of New Jersey and southward. It is impossible to mistake this species, which has a slender, unbranched, tall, graceful appearance. It might be called willow-leaf golden-rod.
S. fistulosa. - In the same pine barrens we may find the fistulosa, tall, 3 to 7 feet, but rough, hairy, stout, and simple below, often branched above. Leaves, all sessile, numerous, larger below, quite small above, rough on midrib beneath and along the margins. Heads of bright-yellow flowers in a dense, pyramid-shaped, recurved panicle. Flowers with few and short rays. August to October.
Pine barrens, sandy soil, New Jersey to Virginia and southward.