A few late orchids, herbs, and shrubs come first into bloom in August, most of them continuing through the fall. The composites are now in their glory, and golden-rods, asters, thistles, eupatoriums, and other members of that aggressive family fill the fields and roadsides with splendid color. The colors of fall flowers are strong and deep, yellows and purples predominating. Golden-rods already mentioned as late July bloomers belong rather to this month, as do many of the asters. Before withdrawing itself for its winter sleep, nature makes one last effort to be gay and beautiful.

Water Plantain (Alisma Plantago-aquatica). Page 40. August,

September. (Pogonia triantJwpliora). Page 248. August. Ladies' Tresses (Spiranthes Beckii). Page 52. (5. praecox). Page 54. August, September. Rattlesnake Plantain (Epipactis pubescens). Page 54. August,

September. Coral Root (Corallorhiza odontorhiza). Page 303. August,

September. (Polygonclla articulata). Page 58. August, September. Garden Orpine (Sedum purpurcum). Page 312. August,

September. Grass of Parnassus (Parnassiacaroliniana). Page 85. August,

September. Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Page 428. August,

September. Canadian Burnet (Sangnisorba canadensis). Page 87. August,

September. Bush Clover (Lespedeza procumbcns). Page 315. Late August,

September. Hog Peanut (Amphicarpa monoica). Page 454. August,

September. Marsh Mallow (Althaea officinalis). Page 265. August, September. (Kosteletzkya virginica). Page 267. August.

Scotch Lovage (Ligusticum scothicum). Page 106. August.

Cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior). Page 106. August.

The pretty Sabatias (Sabatia stellaris), (5. gracilis), (S. dodecan-dra), page 280, may be looked for in August.

Lousewort (Pedlcularis lanceolata). Page 208. August, September.

Trumpet-flower (Tecoma radicans). Page 433. August, September.

Ironweed (Vernonla noveboracensis). Page 355. August, September.

Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum). Page 294. August, September. (E. leucolepsis), (E. hypssolfollum), (E. verbenaefo-lium). Upland Boneset (E. sesslllfolium). Thoroughwort (E. perfoliatum). Pages 130 and 132. Most of this genus begin in August and continue until October.

Blazing Star (Llatris scariosa) and (L. spicata). Page 357. August-October.

Golden Aster (Chrysopsis marlana). Page 210. August-October.

Golden-rod (Solidago squarrosa), (5. caesla), (S.lati folia). Page 214. These species August, September.

(5. bicolor). Page 134. August-October.

(5. puberula). Page 216. August-October.

(5. sempervirens). Page 222. August-November.

(S. patula). Page 220. August, September.

(S. arguta). Page 222. August, September.

(S. neglecta). Page 222. August-early October.

(5. uhnifolia). Page 216. August, September.

(5. rugosa). Page 216. August, September.

(S. graminifolia). Page 222. August-October.

(5. tenuifolia). Page 222. August-October.

Aster (Aster macrophyllus). Page 134. August, September.

(A. spectabilis). Page 357. August-October.

(A. concolor). Page 359. Late August-November.

(A. patens). Page 359. August-October.

(A. undulatus). Page 359. August-November.

(A. cordifolius). Page 360. August - October.

(A. laevis). Page 360. August-October.

(A. ericoides). Page 134. August-October.

(A. multiflorus). Page 136. August-October.

(A. dumosus). Page 360. August, September.

(A. lateriflorus). Page 136. August-October.

(A. Tradescanti). Page 136. August-October.

(A. paniculatus). Page 136. August-October.

(A. prenanthoides). Page 364. August-October.

(A. puniceus). Page 364. August-October.

(A. umbellatus). Page 138. August, September.

(A. tenuifolius). Page 362. August October.

(A. subiilatus). Page 362. Early Augusl October.

Elecampane (Inula Heleniutn). Page 224. August, September.

Ox-eye (Heliopsis helianthoides). Page 224. August.

Sunflower (Helianthus angusiifolius). Page 228. August, September.

(H. giganteus). Page 228. August-October.

(H. divaricatus). Page 230. August, September.

(H. decupctidus). Page 230. August-October.

(Actinomeris alternifolia). Page 230. August, September.

Beggar-ticks (Bidens frondosa). Page 230. August, September.

(B. laevis). Page 232. August-October.

Spanish Needles (B. bipinnata). Page 232. August.

Tall Tickseed Sunflower (B. trichospcrma). Page 234. August-October.

Water Marigold (B. Beckii). Page 234. August-October.

Autumn Sneezeweed (Helcnium autumnale). Page 234. August-October.

Hawkweed (Hicracium Gronovii). Page 240. August-October.