No.

Botanical Name.

Common Name.

Season.

Situation.

Structure and Habit.

10

Dipsacus . . .

Teasel. . .

Aug.-Sept.

Wastes .

Four feet; pink, heads large, leaves forming cups.

II

Scabiosa .

Scabious .

July-Aug.

Heaths .

Lilac heads, corolla five cleft. Like a Composite.

Devil's Bit .

July-Oct.

Pastures

Purple heads ; root ending abruptly.

12

Asperula .

Woodruff. .

June-Aug.

Woods .

White, fragrant when dry ; fruit hispid.

Quinsy Wort.

June-Oct.

Downs .

Pink, smooth ; fruit rugose.

13

Rubia .

Madder . .

June-Aug.

South of E.

Evergreen, rough, leaves in whorls, shining.

14

Galium

Bedstraw .

May-Sept.

Various

The bedstraws are numerous. N.O. Rubiaceae.

15

Plantago .

Plantain .

May-Sept.

Various

About half a dozen species.

i. major.

Greater P.

June-Aug.

Pastures

Broad leaves with strong ribs, spike long.

ii. lanceolata

Ribwort P. .

June-July.

Pastures

Leaves lanceolate, flower spikes globular.

iii. Coronopus

Buckthorn P.

June-Aug.

Gravel .

Leaves divided, flower stalks cylindrical.

16

Cornus . .

Dogwood

June-July

Woods .

Shrub, flowers greenish, berries purple.

17

Urtica

Nettle . . .

June-Aug.

Wastes.

Covered with singing hairs. 3 species.

18

Parietaria.

Pellitory .

June-Aug.

Walls . .

Pink flowers in clusters, leaves three-veined.

19

Viscum

Mistletoe .

March-May

Trees .

Parasite, white berries, evergreen, shrubby.

20

Alchemilla (see 155)

Lady's Mantle

June-Sept.

Fields . .

Leaves shaped like mantle. N.O. Rosaceae.

Alpine ,,

June-Aug.

Mountains.

Leaves small, silky beneath, serrate.

21

Myrica

Sweet Gale .

June-July.

Bogs

Shrub, very fragrant, especially if bruised.

22

Cuscuta

(Fig. 7)

Dodder .

July-Sept.

Parasite

Pink, waxy, on gorse, flax, clover, and thyme.

23

Buxus .

Box

April-June

Hills . .

Evergreen shrub, leaves shining, flowers sessile.

24

Ilex

Holly . . .

May-Aug.

Woods .

Evergreen, spiny leaves, scarlet winter fruit.

Fig. 21.   Lily of Valley (see Group ix).

Fig. 21. - Lily of Valley (see Group ix).

Fig. 22.   Lady's Smock (Cardamine bratensis: Crucifer, Group x).

Fig. 22. - Lady's Smock (Cardamine bratensis: Crucifer, Group x).