This group includes practically all the Monocoty-ledonous flowering plants, excepting the Orchids (see p. 35) and grasses. Many of the plants are bulbous. They are chiefly fleshy and showy. Many are regularly formed with a perianth of 3 sepals and 3 petals, others are irregular. In the next group the 6 stamens are of unequal lengths, and the petals are 4. I put here Crocus, Iris, and Butcher's Broom, which have 3 stamens, and Meadow Saffron, with 3 pistils. In the Linnean system this group forms the class known as Hexandria.

No.

Botanical Name.

Common Name.

Season.

Situation.

Structure and Habit.

83

Crocus . . .

Crocus. .

Sept.-Oct.

Meadows .

Purple flowers in autumn without leaves.

84

Iris (Fig. 20)

Flower de luce

May-Aug.

Thickets .

Flowers purple, stems angular, fruit in capsule.

Gladdon . .

May-July

Marshes

Flowers yellow, stems round.

85

Ruscus. .

Butcher's Broom . .

Mar.-April

Woods .

Evergreen, small flower on phyllodes, red berry.

86

Colchicum .

Saffron . .

Aug.-Oct.

Meadows .

Three styles as long as the stamens.

87

Narcissus

(Fig. 4)

Daffodil . .

Mar.-April

Woods . .

Yellow, single flowered, bulbous, flat leaves.

88

Galanthus. .

Snowdrop

Feb.-Mar.

Woods . .

Flowers white, solitary, drooping, bulbous.

89

Fritillary . .

Snake's Head

May-June

Pastures .

Chequered, drooping, solitary blooms. Rare.

90

Allium. . .

Wild Garlic .

April-June

Woods .

White flowers, triangular stem, broad leaves, pungent.

91

Ornithogalum

Star of Beth.

June-July

Copses .

Pretty white flowers, fleshy. 3 species.

92

Hyacinth . .

Blue Bell . .

April-June

Woods . .

Bulbous, long leaves, blue drooping flowers.

93

Narthecium .

Bog Asphodel

June-Aug.

Bogs . .

Rigid leaves and stem, yellow flowers, fibrous root.

94

Convallaria (Fig. 21)

Lily of Valley

May-June

Woods . .

Fragrant white drooping flowers, two broad leaves.

There are also a few plants found chiefly in ponds and streams, such as the flowering rush (114), arrowhead, water plantain, frog-bit (116), and water thyme, which belong to the natural orders represented by the Monocotyledons.