This group includes the N.O. Boraginaceae (46-51), with about a dozen genera; N.O. Primulaceae (52-5), with about 10 genera; N.O. Campanulaceae (56-9), and a number of others. Chiefly herbs with graceful flowers, some of which are poisonous, especially in the N.O. Solanaceae. Plants with 1 pistil (monogynia).

No.

Botanical Name.

Common Name.

Season.

Situation.

Structure and Habit.

46

Myosotis .

Forget-me-not

May-Aug.

Marshes

Blue flowers, often changing colour, several kinds.

47

Symphytum .

Comfrey .

May-June

Streams

Yellowish white, bell-shaped blossoms.

48

Borago

Borage

June-July

Wastes . .

Hispid, blossoms blue, wheel-shaped, spreading.

49

Cynoglossum

Houndstongue

June-July

Wastes . .

Red-purple, leaves downy, seeds very rough.

50

Pulmonaria .

Lungwort . .

May-June

Thickets .

Pink or purple, with spotted leaves.

51

Echium . .

Bugloss . .

June-July

Fields . .

Purple, changing colour, rough or prickly.

Primula .

Primrose .

Mar.-May

Woods . .

Yellow, single flowers, wrinkled leaves.

52

Cowslip .

April-June

Fields . .

Yellow, in umbels, drooping, wrinkled leaves.

Bird's Eye .

June-July

Marsh . .

Lilac, leaves mealy, not found in south.

53

Hottonia .

Water Violet.

May-June

Pools .

Lilac, tall spikes in whorls, leaves in water.

Lysimachia

Loosestrife .

July-Aug.

Streams

Tall plants, yellow flowers, woody stems.

Moneywort .

June-Aug.

Thickets .

Prostrate, yellow solitary flowers, round leaves.

54

Yellow Pimpernel .

May-Aug.

Shades. .

Creeping, yellow flowers resembling the next.

55

Anagallis .

Pimpernel

May-Nov.

Fields . .

Only scarlet flower except the poppies.

56

Phyteuma

Rampion .

July-Aug.

Downs .

Globose beads of blue flowers, local or rare.

57

Jasione

Sheep's Bit .

June-Sept.

Heaths . .

Blue flowers in hemispherical heads.

58

Lobelia .

WaterLobelia

July-Aug.

Lakes . .

Leaves all under water, blue flowers on simple stem.

Campanula (Fig. 15)

Hairbell .

July-Sept.

Heaths . .

Blue flowers on slender stem, drooping.

Giant Bell-flower .

59

July-Sept.

Woods . .

Four feet high, blue or white, strong plants.

Nettleleaved B.

July-Sept.

Woods . .

Blue, two or three flowers on each peduncle.

Clustered B. .

July-Aug.

Downs .

Not drooping, flowers clustered at top and sides.

Ivy-leaved B.

July-Aug.

Woods .

Creeping, threadlike, leaves cordate, stalked.

6o

Menyanthes .

Bog Bean.

May-July

Bogs . .

Lilac flowers, bearded, leaves fleshy, three-parted.

61

Polemonium.

Jacob's Ladder

June-July

Copses . .

Blue flowers, often grown in gardens.

Convolvulus (Fig. 16)

Larger Convolvulus

62

June-Aug.

Hedges. .

Large white blossoms, climbing stems.

Lesser C. . .

June-Sept.

Fields . .

Smaller, pink, trailing around corn and plants.

Sea C. . . .

June-Aug.

Shores .

Prostrate, fleshy ; flowers large, purplish.

63

Lonicera .

Honeysuckle.

June-Sept.

Hedges. .

Climber, lipped flowers, soft red fruits.

64

Verbascum .

Mullein . .

June-Sept.

Banks . .

Tall plants with woolly leaves and yellow flowers.

65

Hyoscyamus .

Henbane . .

June-Sept.

Wastes . .

Flowers dull yellow, streaked, very clammy.

66

Datura

Thornapple .

June-Aug.

Wastes . .

Seed vessel like horse chestnut, poisonous.

67

Atropa

Belladonna .

June-Aug.

Wastes . .

Dull purple flowers, large fruits, deadly (Plate III).

68

Solanum .

Bittersweet .

June-Aug.

Hedges. .

Shrubby climber, flowers like potato blossoms.

69

Erythraea

Centaury . .

June-Sept.

Pastures .

Rose coloured, erect, smooth, bitter.

70

Rhamnus .

Buckthorn

May-June

Thickets .

Shrubs (two kinds), with greenish flowers.

71

Euonymus

Spindle Tree.

May-June

Hedges. .

Remarkable fruits, orange and crimson.

72

Hedera .

Ivy ..

Winter

Trees . .

Climber, glossy leaves, green flowers, black fruits.

73

Vinca . . .

Periwinkle .

April-June

Thickets .

Trailing plants, glossy leaves, blue flowers.

74

Viola . . .

Violets. . .

Spring

Banks . .

Well-known plants, several species.