There are only two plants, fumitory and milkwort, which can be confused with the legumes or butterfly flowers, and they have not 10 stamens. This group forms the class Diadelphia, and contains about 20 genera, with nearly 100 species and varieties. The gorse, broom, clovers, vetches, and melilot are too well known to need description. It is important to study the fruit pods (legumes). The gorse and broom are shrubs; genista and rest-harrow are inclined to be woody ; the rest are herbaceous.

No.

Botanical Name.

Common Name.

Season.

Situation.

Structure and Habit.

133

Genista . .

Greenweed .

May-Sept.

Heaths.

Similar to a small broom-plant. 3 species.

133a

Ononis

Rest-harrow .

Tune-Sept.

Heaths.

Rose-coloured flowers. 3 species, 1 spinous.

134

Anthyllis .

Lady's Fingers

June-Aug.

Heaths.

Yellow heads like a large clover. 1 species.

135

Medicago. .

Medick

May-Aug.

Fields . .

Yellow, usually procumbent. 6 species.

136

Trifolium

Clover

(Fig. 24)

May-Aug.

Fields . .

About 20 kinds, yellow, white and red.

137

Lotus . . .

Bird's-foot

June-Aug.

Fields . .

Called shoes and stockings, or fingers and toes.

138

Vicia . . .

Vetch

(Fig. 24)

April-Aug.

Fields . .

White, yellow, blue, and purple varieties, 10.

139

Lathyrus . .

Bitter Vetch .

May-Sept.

Fields . .

10 kinds, yellow, purple, or crimson.