This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol1", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
[Calopogon R. Br. in Alt. Hort. Kew. Ed. 2, 5: 204. 1813.] Scapose herbs, with round solid bulbs which arise from the bulb of the previous year, a leaf appearing the first season, succeeded in the following year by the scape. Flowers several in a loose terminal spike or raceme. Sepals and petals nearly alike, separate, spreading. Column elongated, 2-winged above. Anther terminal, operculate, sessile; pollinia solitary, 1 in each sac, loosely granular. Lip spreading, raised on a narrow stalk, dilated at the apex, bearded on the upper side with long club-shaped hairs. [Greek, a meadow-gift.]
Scape slender, naked, i°-i 1/2° high. Leaf linear-lanceolate, 8'-12' long, 3"-10" wide, sheathing, with several scales below it; spike 4'-15' long, 3-15-flow-ered; flowers about 1' long, purplish pink, subtended by small acute bracts; sepals obliquely ovate-lanceolate, acute, about 10" long; petals similar; column incurved; anther-sacs parallel, attached by a slender thread to the back of the column; lip as long as the column, broadly triangular at the apex, crested along the face with yellow, orange and rose-colored hairs; capsule oblong, nearly erect.