95. Carex Varia Muhl. Emmons'sedge

Fig. 962

Carer varia Muhl.; Wahl. Kongl. Vet. Acad. Handl. (II.)

24: 159. 1803. C. Emmonsii Dewey, Torr. Ann. Lye. N. Y. 3: 411. 1836. C. varia var. colorata Bailey, Mem. Torr. Club 1: 41. 1889.

Caespitose and little stoloniferous, culms filiform, erect to nearly prostrate, rough above, 3'-20' long. Leaves elongated, 1/2"-l 1/4" wide, from much shorter than to exceeding the culms; bracts short; staminate spike 2"-6" long, sessile, sometimes not overtopping the upper pistillate one, but usually rather prominent; pistillate spikes 1-4, mostly close together and sessile, 1 1/2-3 1/2" long, 4-12-flowered; perigynia oblong-ovoid, short-pubescent, about 1" long, 1/2" thick, strongly narrowed at the base, tipped with a subulate minutely 2-toothed beak commonly one-half the length of the body; scales ovate, green or purplish-brown, acuminate or cuspidate, about as long as the perigynia; stigmas 3.

In dry soil, Nova Scotia to western Ontario and Manitoba, south to Georgia and Texas. May-July. Very variable.

96. Carex Novae-Angliae Schvvein. New England Sedge

Fig. 963

C. novae-angliae Schwein. Ann. Lye. N. Y. 1: 67. 1824.

Loosely caespitose and stoloniferous, culms filiform, erect or reclining, 2 1/2"-12" long. Leaves about i" wide, soft, elongated, usually exceeding the culms; staminate spike short-stalked, very narrow or almost filiform, 2"-8" long, 1/2" wide or less; pistillate spikes 1-3, distant, subglobose, 2-10-flowered, sessile or the lower short-stalked; lower bract filiform, short or rarely overtopping the spikes; perigynia narrowly obovoid, about 1" long and i" thick, short-pubescent, tipped by a subulate 2-toothed beak about one-fourth the length of the body; scales ovate, greenish-brown, acute or cuspidate; stigmas 2 or 3.

In wet shaded places, New Brunswick to Maine, Massachusetts and New York. Summer.

96 Carex Novae Angliae Schvvein New England Sedge 96396 Carex Novae Angliae Schvvein New England Sedge 964

97. Carex Albicans Willd. White-Tinged Sedge

Fig. 964

C. albicans Willd.; Spreng. Syst. Veg. 3: 818. 1826. C. Peckii E. C. Howe, Ann. Rep. N. Y. St. Museum 47: 177. 1895.

Loosely caespitose and short-stoloniferous, the culms smooth or nearly so, erect, 5'-2o' tall. Leaves 1 1/2" wide or less, soft, much shorter than the culms, the lower sheaths but little fibrillose; lowest bract absent or short; staminate spike sessile and usually exceeded by upper pistillate spikes, 1 1/2" long or less; pistillate spikes 2-4, subglobose, 2-8-flowered, closely contiguous or the lowest little distant; perigynia oblong-obovoid, 1 1/2"-2" long, 1/2" in diameter, short grayish pubescent, 1-ribbed on two sides, strongly narrowed at base, abruptly tipped with a biden-tate beak one-fourth the length of the body; scales broadly ovate, reddish-brown with broad white hyaline margins, short-acuminate to ob-tusish, all (except lower) but half the length of perigynia; stigmas 3.

Open woods and banks. Quebec to Alaska, south to Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, " Carolina" and Minnesota.