This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol1", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Carex Hitchcockiana Dewey, Am. Journ. Sci. 10: 274. 1826.
Culms slender, erect, somewhat rough, 8-2 1/2o tall. Leaves l 1/2"-3 1/2" wide, the upper and the similar bracts much overtopping the spikes; sheaths rough-pubescent; staminate spike stalked or nearly sessile; pistillate spikes 2-4, loosely 1-6-flowered, erect, rather distant, stalked or the upper sessile; perigynia obovoid, obtusely 3-angled, finely many-striate, ascending, 2 1/4"-2 1/2" long, 1" thick, tipped with a short stout oblique entire beak; scales ovate, rough-awned, scarious-margined, longer or shorter than the perigynia; stigmas 3.
Carex katahdinensis Fernald, Rhodora 3: 171. 1901.
Glabrous, culms short, 2 1/2 tall or less, roughened above. Leaves 3/4"- 1 1/4" wide, much exceeding the culm; lower bracts similar to the culm-leaves, much exceeding spikes, their sheaths 1' long or less; staminate spike nearly sessile; pistillate spikes 3-4, closely approximate, erect, narrowly oblong, 3 1/2"-7" long, 2"-2 1/2" thick, rather closely 6-15-flowered, slightly exsert-peduncled; perigynia oval, suborbicular in cross-section, rounded to each end, finely many-striate, essentially beakless, 1 3/4" long, slightly more than 1/2" thick, the orifice entire; scales ovate, scarious-margined, more or less strongly cuspidate, as wide as but shorter than perigynia; stigmas 3.
Depot Pond, Mt. Katahdin, Maine; Lake St. John, Quebec. June-July. Possibly only a form of Carex conoidea Schk.
Carex conoidea Schk.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 280. 1805.
Glabrous, culms slender, rough, erect, 6'-30' tall. Leaves 1"-2" wide; shorter than or but little exceeding the culm; lower bracts similar to the culm-leaves, sometimes but slightly overtopping the spike, their sheaths 1' long or less; staminate spike usually long-stalked; pistillate spikes 1-3, distant, erect, oblong or oblong-cylindric, 1 1/2"-l2", usually 4"-8", long, 2 1/2" thick, rather closely 8-25-flowered, the upper slightly exsert-peduncled, the lower strongly so; perigynia oval, suborbicular in cross-section, rounded to each end, finely many-striate, beakless, 1 1/2" long, slightly more than 1/2" thick, the orifice entire; scales ovate, scarious-margined, acuminate to rough-awned, the lower often longer than the perigynia, the upper shorter than or equalling them; stigmas 3.
In meadows, Nova Scotia to Ontario, south to Rhode Island, New Jersey, Ohio and Iowa, and in the mountains to North Carolina. May-June.