218. Carex Raeana Boott. Rae's Sedge

Fig. 1085

C. Raeana Boott; Richards, Arct. Exp. 2: 344. 1857. C. vesicaria var. Raeana Fernald, Rhodora 3: 50. 1901. C. miliaris var. Raeana Kuken. Pflanzenreich 4: 20: 719. 1909.

Culms slender, 1°-3° high, very rough below inflorescence, reddened and filamentose at base, the plant stoloniferous. Leaves 1" wide, flat, shorter than or exceeding culm, little if at all nodulose; lower bracts narrow, exceeding culm; staminate spikes usually 2, slender-stalked; pistillate spikes 1-3, narrowly cylindric, 7"-24" long, 2 1/2" wide, short-peduncled, loosely flowered at base; perigynia somewhat inflated, oblong-ovoid, yellowish-green, strongly several-nerved, 21/2"-3" long, abruptly contracted into a slender bidentate beak; scales lanceolate, sharply acuminate, narrower and somewhat shorter than perigynia; stigmas 3.

On lake and river shores, Maine to Quebec, west to Athabasca. Local. Intergrades with the next. Summer.

218 Carex Raeana Boott Rae s Sedge 1085

219. Carex Monile Tuckerm. Necklace Sedge

Fig. 1086

Carex monile Tuckerm. Enum. Meth. 20. 1843.

C. monile var. monstrosa Bailey, Mem. Torr. Club 1: 40.

1889. C. vesicaria vars. monile and jejuna Fernald, Rhodora 3:

53- 1901.

Glabrous, culm slender, erect, 1 1/2°-3° tall, not spongy at base, generally acutely angled and very rough above. Leaves elongated, 1 1/2-3" wide, sometimes exceeding the culm, little nodulose; bracts similar, often overtopping the culm; staminate spikes 1-4, usually 2 or 3, slender-stalked, commonly subtended by short bracts; pistillate spikes 1-3, erect-spreading, cylindric, 1'-3' long, about 3i" in diameter, many-flowered with perigynia in several rows, rather loose at maturity, the upper sessile, the lower more or less slender-stalked and remote; perigynia yellowish-green, ascending, globose-ovoid, inflated, 2 1/2"-4' long, rather strongly 8-10-nerved, abruptly contracted into a slender 2-toothed beak; scales lanceolate, acuminate or awned, shorter than perigynia; stigmas 3.

In marshes and wet meadows. Newfoundland to Saskatchewan, south to New Jersey and Missouri. Also in Japan. Intergrades with the next. June-Aug.

219 Carex Monile Tuckerm Necklace Sedge 1086

220. Carex Vesicaria L. Inflated Sedge

Fig. 1087

Carex vesicaria L. Sp. PI. 979. 1753. Carex Vaseyi Dewey, Am. Journ. Sci. (II.) 29: 347. 1860.

Glabrous, culm slender, erect, 1°-3° tall, not spongy at base, generally acutely angled and very rough above. Leaves elongated, 1 1/2" - 3" wide, about equalling the culm, little nodulose; bracts similar, about equalling the culm; staminate spikes 2-4, slender-stalked, commonly subtended by short bracts; pistillate spikes 1-3, usually 2, erect, sile or short-peduncled, oblong-cylindric, 1'-2 1/2' long, 4 1/2"-7 1/2" thick, closely many-flowered, the perigynia in several rows; perigynia yellowisli-green, ascending, ovoid, inflated, 3 "-4" long, rather strongly 8-10-nerved, contracted into a slender 2-toothed beak; scales ovate, acute or acuminate, narrower and shorter than perigynia; stigmas 3.

Quebec to British Columbia, south to Pennsylvania and Ohio. Also in Europe, Asia and north Africa. June-Aug.

220 Carex Vesicaria L Inflated Sedge 1087220 Carex Vesicaria L Inflated Sedge 1088