227. Carex Oligosperma Michx. Few-Seeded Sedge

Fig. 1094

Carex oligosperma Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 174. 1803.

Glabrous, culms very slender, erect, rather stiff, 1 1/2°-3° tall, long-stoloniferous. Leaves about 1 1/2" wide, not exceeding the culm, involute when old; bracts similar, overtopping the culm; staminate spike stalked, narrowly linear; pistillate spikes 1 or 2, sub-globose or short-oblong, 5"-10" long, sessile or the lower short-stalked, 5-15-fiowered, or the upper sometimes reduced to 1 or 2 perigynia and with a staminate summit; perigynia ovoid, erect, inflated, strongly few-nerved, yellowish green, shining, 2 1/2 long, about 1 1/2" in diameter, contracted into a minutely 2-toothed beak; scales acute or slightly mucronate, much shorter than the perigynia; stigmas 3.

In bogs, Labrador and Newfoundland to the Northwest Territory, south to Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Michigan. June-Sept. Ascends to 4000 ft. in the Adirondacks.

228. Carex Lurida Wahl. Sallow Sedge

Fig. 1095

C. lurida Wahl. Kongl. Acad. Handl. (II.) 24: 153. 1803.

Carex tentaculata Muhl.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 266. 1805.

C. tentaculata var. parvula Paine, Cat. PI. Oneida 105.

1865. Carex lurida var. flaccida Bailey, Mem. Torr. Club 1: 73.

1889. Carex lurida var. parvula (Paine) Bailey, Bull. Torr. Club

20: 418. 1893. Carex lurida var. exundans Bailey; Britt. & Brown, 111. Fl.

1: 299. 1896.

Glabrous, culms erect, smooth or slightly scabrous above, 6'-3 tall. Leaves elongated, rough, 2"-3 1/2" wide, the upper and the similar bracts usually much overtopping the culm; staminate spike usually solitary, elongated, from nearly sessile to long-stalked; pistillate spikes 1-4, globose to oblong-cyiindric, densely many-flowered, 1/2'-2 1/2' long, 7"-10" in diameter, the upper sessile and erect, the lower peduncled and erect, spreading or drooping; perigynia inflated, shining, ovoid, strongly about 10-ribbed, contracted into a long subulate beak, ascending or the lower spreading, 3'-41/2" long, thin, yellowish green, longer than the rough-awned scale; stigmas 3.

In swamps and wet meadows, Nova Scotia to Minnesota, Nebraska, Florida and Texas. Very variable. June-Oct.

228 Carex Lurida Wahl Sallow Sedge 1095

229. Carex Baileyi Britton. Bailey's Sedge

Fig. 1096

Carex tentaculata var. gracilis Boott, 111. 94. 1860. Not

C. gracilis R. Br. 1810. Carex Baileyi Britton, Bull. Torr. Club 22: 220. 1895.

Glabrous, culms erect, slender, minutely scabrous above 1-2° tall. Leaves roughish, elongated, 1"-2" wide, the upper and the similar bracts exceeding the culm; staminate spike solitary, more or less strongly peduncled; pistillate spikes 1-3, narrowly cylindric, densely many-flowered, all erect or ascending, 9'-2' long, about 4"-6" in diameter, the upper sessile, the lower more or less stalked; perigynia inflated, ovoid, 2 1/2'-3" long, ascending, abruptly contracted into a. subulate 2-toothed beak about as long as body, prominently about 10-ribbed, the lower about equalling, the upper longer than the linear-subulate rough-awned scale; stigmas 3.

Bogs, Maine and Vermont to Virginia and Tennessee. June-Aug.

229 Carex Baileyi Britton Bailey s Sedge 1096