This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol1", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Quercus laurifolia Michx. Hist. Chen. Am. no. 10. pl. 17. 1801.
Trunk sometimes 100° tall, reaching 40 in diameter at the base; bark nearly black, with flat ridges. Leaves oblong or oblong-obovate, often somewhat falcate, tardily deciduous, shining above, paler beneath, glabrous when mature, 1 1/2'-6' long, 5-2' wide, entire, or those of young shoots undulate-lobed, the apex bristle-tipped; styles rather short, recurving; fruit maturing in the autumn of the second season; abortive ovules in the summit of the acorn; cup saucer-shaped, 4"-6" wide, its base somewhat rounded, its scales ovate, rounded, appressed; acorn ovoid or nearly hemispheric, about 3 times as long as the cup.
Along streams and swamps, southeastern Virginia to Florida and Louisiana, mostly near the coast. Closely related to the willow oak. Wood dark reddish-brown, strong; weight per cubic foot 48 lbs. Water-oak.
Q. imbricaria Michx. Hist. Chen. Am. 9. pl. 15,16. 1801.
A forest tree, with maximum height about 100°, and trunk diameter of 3 1/2°. Leaves oblong or lanceolate, entire, coriaceous, acute at both ends, short-petioled, bristle-tipped, dark green above, persistently brown-tomentulose beneath, 3'-7' long, g"-2' wide; styles recurved; fruit maturing the second autumn; cup hemispheric or turbinate, 5"-7" broad, its bracts appressed; acorn subglobose, 5'-7" high.
Central Pennsylvania to Michigan, Nebraska, Georgia, Tennessee and Arkansas. Reported from eastern Massachusetts. Wood hard, coarse-grained, light reddish-brown; weight per cubic foot 47 lbs. April-May. Lea-, Jack- or Laurel-oak.
Quercus tridentata Engelm. Q. nigra var. tridentata A. DC. Prodr. 16: Part 2, 64, is a hybrid with Q. marilandica. Illinois and Pennsylvania. A hybrid with Q. palusiris has been found near St. Louis, Mo., and in Iowa.
Quercus alba L. Sp. PI. 996. 1753.
A forest tree, with light gray bark scaling off in thin plates; maximum height about 1500, trunk diameter up to 8°. Leaves obovate in outline, green above, pale and more or less glaucous beneath, pubescent when young, nearly glabrous when old, thin, pinnatifid into' 3-9 oblong obtuse ascending toothed or entire lobes, 4'-7' long, 2'-4 1/2' wide; petioles about 1/2 long; styles short, erect; fruit maturing the first season, peduncled; cup depressed-hemispheric, 7"-10" broad, its bracts thick, obtuse, woolly or at length glabrate, closely appressed; acorn ovoid-oblong, 1' high or less, 3-4 times as high as the cup.
Maine to Ontario, Minnesota, Florida and Texas. Wood hard, strong, tough, close-grained; color brown; weight per cubic foot 46 lbs. May-June. Acorns ripe Sept.-Oct.
Hybrids with Q. macrocarpa have been observed in Illinois; with Q. stellata, from Illinois to Virginia and South Carolina, and with Q. Prinus, near Washington, D. C. and New York. Stave-oak.