28. Scirpus Peckii Britton. Peck's Bulrush

Fig. 828

S. Peckii Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 11: 82. 1892.

Perennial by rootstocks; culms slender, triangular, 1 1/2°-4 1/2° tall, leafy. Leaves elongated, 2"-5" wide, rough-margined, the upper overtopping the culm, those of the involucre 3-5, dark-colored at the base, the longer of them exceeding the inflorescence; umbel 1-2-compound, large; spikelets cylindric, obtusish, 3"-5" long, in capitate clusters of 2-10 at the ends of the raylets or some of them distinctly peduncled; scales dark brown, keeled, mucronate, falling early; bristles 4-6, downwardly barbed from below the middle to the summit, longer than the achene; style 3-cleft; achene 3-angled, 1/4" long, oblong, narrowed at each end, slender-beaked.

In swamps, New Hampshire to Connecticut and New York. July-Sept.

28 Scirpus Peckii Britton Peck s Bulrush 828

29. Scirpus Divaricatus Ell. Spreading Bulrush

Fig. 829

S". divaricatus Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 1: 88. pl. 2. f. 4. 1816.

Perennial. Roots fibrous, culms obtusely triangular, smooth, rather slender, 2 1/2°-4° tall. Leaves 2"-4" wide, rough-margined, the upper and those of the involucre not exceeding the inflorescence; umbel decompound, the primary rays very slender, sometimes 6' long, widely spreading or drooping; raylets filiform; involucels setaceous; spikelets mostly solitary at the ends of the raylets, sessile or peduncled, linear-oblong, obtuse, 3"-6" long, 1/2" thick; scales ovate, greenish-brown, subacute or obtuse, with a prominent midvein and scarious margins; bristles 6, flexuous, longer than the achene, somewhat pubescent, not barbed, shorter than the scales; stamens 3; style 3-cleft; achene sharply 3-angled, oblong, narrowed at both ends, apiculate, nearly white, not shining.

In swamps, Virginia to Kentucky, Missouri, Florida and Louisiana. The spikelets sometimes partially develop into tufts of leaves. June-Aug.

29 Scirpus Divaricatus Ell Spreading Bulrush 829

30. Scirpus Lineatus Michx. Reddish Bulrush

Fig. 830

Scirpus lineatus Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 32. 1803.

Perennial by stout rootstocks; culms rather slender, triangular, erect, 1°-4 1/2° high, leafy, the upper leaves and those of the involucre not exceeding the inflorescence. Leaves 2"-4" wide, light green, flat, rough-margined; umbels terminal and commonly also axillary, decompound, the rays very slender, becoming pendulous; spikelets mostly solitary at the ends of the slender raylets, oblong, obtuse, 3"~5" long, about 1" in diameter; scales ovate or oblong, reddish-brown with a green midvein, their tips slightly spreading; bristles 6, weak, smooth, entangled, much longer than the achene, equalling the scales or slightly protruded beyond them at maturity; stamens 3; style 3-cleft; achene oblong or oblong-obovoid, pale brown, narrowed at both ends, 3-angled, short-beaked.

In swamps and wet meadows, Ontario to New Hampshire, Georgia, Oregon, Kansas and Texas. June-Sept.

30 Scirpus Lineatus Michx Reddish Bulrush 830