A low glabrous herb, with horizontal rootstocks, very numerous fibrous roots, and 2 or sometimes 3 erect broad leaves, narrowed into sheathing petioles, the lower part of the stem bearing several sheathing scales. Flowers white, racemed, fragrant, nodding. Raceme i-sided. Perianth globose-campanulate, 6-lobed, deciduous, the short lobes recurved. Stamens 6, included; filaments short, adnate to the lower part of the perianth; anthers oblong, introrse. Ovary 3-celled; ovules several in each cavity; style slender, 3-grooved; stigma small, capitate, slightly 3-lobed. Berry globose, pulpy. [Latin from Convallis, valley, and the Greek for lily.]

A monotypic genus of Europe, Asia and the higher Alleghanies.

9 Convallaria L Sp Pi 314 1753 1297

1. Convallaria Majalis L. Lily-Of-The-Valley

Fig. 1297

Convallaria majalis L. Sp. PI. 314. 1753.

Convallaria majuscula Greene, Rep. Nov. Spec. 5: 46. 1907.

Stem 4'-9' high. Leaves oblong, or oval, appearing nearly basal, acute at both ends, 5'-12' long, 1'-2 1/2' wide; basal scales large, 1'-4' long, one of them subtending an erect angled scape shorter than the leaves; raceme 1'-3 1/2' long, loosely several-flowered; pedicels filiform, recurved, 3"-6" long, exceeding or sometimes shorter than the lanceolate bracts; perianth 3' - 4" long, its lobes 1" long or less; filaments shorter than the anthers; berry about 3" in diameter.

On the higher mountains of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. Common in cultivation. Consists of several slightly differing races. May blossoms. Wood-lily. Conval-lily. May-lily. May-June.