Herbs resembling Limnorchis in habit, but with short rounded tubers. Leaves mainly near the base of the stem, early withering.- Spike strict. Flowers white, greenish, purplish or yellowish. Sepals i-nerved, the lateral ones adnate to the claw of the lip. Petals 1-nerved. Lip with a median ridge, truncate or hastate at the base. Anther-sacs opening laterally. [Dedicated to Professor C. V. Piper, of Washington.]

Three species or more, natives of northern North America. Type species: Piperia elegans (Lindl.) Rydb.

1. Piperia Unalaschensis (Spreng.) Rydb. Alaska Piperia

Fig. 1369

Spiranthes unalaschensis Spreng. Syst. 3: 708. 1826.

Habenaria unalaschensis S. Wats. Proc. Am. Acad. ia: 277. 1877.

P. unalaschensis Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 28: 270. 1901.

Stem strict, 1°-2° tall; lower leaves oblanceolate, 4'-6' long, obtuse or acutish; upper leaves lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, alternate; spike 4'-12' long; bracts lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, shorter than the flowers; flowers greenish; lateral sepals oblong-lanceolate; petals lanceolate, nearly as long as the lateral sepals; lip oblong-lanceolate, somewhat has-tately dilated at the base.

In moist woods, Alaska to California, Colorado, Quebec and Ontario. June-Sept.

1 Piperia Unalaschensis Spreng Rydb Alaska Piperia 1369