2. Agropyron Pseudo-Repens Scribn. & Sm. False Couch-Grass

Fig. 687

Agropyron pseudorepens Scribn. & Sm. Bull. U. S. Dept. Agric. Div. Agrost. 4: 34. 1897.

Light green. Culms 1°-3° tall, erect, smooth and glabrous, from a running rootstock; sheaths shorter than the internodes, smooth; ligule a short membranous ring; blades erect, prominently nerved, rough on both surfaces, acuminate, the culm leaves 3'-8' long, 2"-3" wide, the basal leaves about one-half as long as the culms; spikes 3'-8' long, strict; spikelets 5"-8" long, 3-7-flowered, a little compressed, appressed to the rachis which is hispidulous on the margins; empty scales lanceolate, equalling or somewhat shorter than the spikelet, acuminate and often awn-pointed, 5-7-nerved, the nerves hispidulous; flowering scales 5-nerved, roughish toward the apex, usually awn-pointed.

Rich river bottoms, British Columbia and Athabasca, to Arizona, Texas, Missouri and Iowa. July-Aug.

2 Agropyron Pseudo Repens Scribn Sm False Couch Gr 688

3. Agropyron Pungens (Pers.) R. & S. Coast Wheat-Grass

Fig. 688

Triticum pungens Pers. Syn. 1: 109. 1805. Agropyron pungens R. & S. Syst. 2: 753. 1817. Agropyron tetrastachys Scribn. & Sm. Bull. U. S. Dept. Agric. Div. Agrost. 4: 32. 1897.

Glaucous. Culms rigid, slender, erect, 1 1/2°-3° tall, from a running rootstock; sheaths shorter than the in-ternodes, smooth and glabrous; ligule wanting; blades erect, acuminate, 5'-8' long, 2" or less wide, smooth beneath, glaucous above, scabrous on the margins; spikes long-exserted, 3-5' long, 4-sided; spikelets crowded, 6"-10" long, 6-11flowered, appressed to the 4-angled articulated rachis, the angles hispidulous; empty scales lanceolate, 5" long, rough on the keel, 5-7-nerved; flowering scales lanceolate, keeled, rough toward the apex, acute, awn-pointed or short-awned.

Sandy beaches, coast of Maine. Introduced from Europe. July-Aug.

4. Agropyron Smithii Rydb. Western Wheat-Grass

Fig. 689

A. repens glaucum Scribn. Mem. Torr. Club, 5: 57, in part. 1894. A. spicatum Scribn. & Sm. Bull. U. S. Dept. Agric.

Div. Agrost. 4: 33, in part. 1897.

Pale green, glaucous. Culms 1 1/2°-4° tall, erect, from a slender creeping rootstock, smooth and glabrous; sheaths shorter than the internodes, smooth; ligule a short membranous ring; blades erect, 2'-8' long, 2"-4" wide, acuminate, very-scabrous above, smooth beneath, becoming involute when dry; spike long-exserted, strict, 4'-8' long; spikelets crowded, divergent from the rachis, compressed, lanceolate when closed, -1' long, 6-12-flowered; empty scales acuminate, awn-pointed, shorter than the spikelet, hispidulous on the keel; flowering scales 5"-6" long, acute or awn-pointed, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.

Moist land, Manitoba and Minnesota to British Columbia, south to Missouri and Texas.

4 Agropyron Smithii Rydb Western Wheat Grass 6894 Agropyron Smithii Rydb Western Wheat Grass 690