An erect shrub, with stiff slender terete branches, alternate coriaceous evergreen short-petioled narrow leaves, and white short-pedicelled secund flowers, solitary in the axils of the small upper leaves, forming terminal leafy racemes. Calyx of 5 distinct imbricated persistent sepals, bracted at the base. Corolla oblong-cylindric, narrowed at the throat, 5-toothed, the teeth recurved. Stamens 10, included; filaments subulate, glabrous; anther-sacs tapering upward into tubular beaks, not awned, opening by terminal pores. Disk 10-toothed. Ovary 5-celled, 5-grooved; stigma simple. Capsule depressed-globose, the epicarp 5-valved, separating at length from the 10-valved endocarp. Seeds not winged. [Greek, ground or low Daphne.]

A monotypic genus of the north temperate zone.

1. Chamaedaphne Calyculàta (L.) Moench. Leather-Leaf. Dwarf Cassandra

Fig. 3236

Andromeda calyculata L. Sp. Pl. 394. 1753. Chamaedaphne calyculata Moench, Meth. 457. 1794. Cassandra calyculata D. Don, Edinb. New Phil. Journ. 17: 158. 1834.

A branching shrub, 2°-4° high. Leaves oblong or oblanceolate, thick, coriaceous, obtuse or acute, narrowed at the base, densely covered on both sides with minute round scurfy scales, at least when young, 1/2'-1 1/2' long, the margins obscurely denticulate; upper leaves gradually smaller, the uppermost reduced to floral bracts; pedicels 1" long or less; corolla about 3" long; capsule depressed-globose, 2" in diameter, about twice as long as the ovate sepals.

In bogs and swamps, Newfoundland to Alaska, south to southern New Jersey, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan and British Columbia. Also in northern Europe and Asia. April-June.

1 Chamaedaphne Calycul Ta L Moench Leather Leaf Dw 1578