Tall erect mostly biennial branching herbs, with thick roots, pinnate leaves, and compound' umbels of yellow flowers. Involucre and involucels commonly none. Calyx-teeth obsolete. Stylopodium depressed. Fruit oval, glabrous, much flattened dorsally; dorsal and intermediate ribs filiform, the lateral winged, those of the two carpels contiguous and forming a broad margin to the fruit; oil-tubes solitary in the intervals and 2-4 on the commissural side. Seed very flat. [Latin pastus, food.]

About 7 species, natives of Europe and Asia, the following typica

1. Pastinaca Sativa L. Wild Parsnip. Madnep. Tank

Fig. 2123

Pastinaca sativa L. Sp. Pl. 2621. 1753. Peucedanum sativum S. Wats. Bot. King's Exp. 128. 1871.

Biennial or rarely annual, glabrous, or somewhat downy-pubescent, 2°-5° high, the root long, conic, fleshy, the stem grooved. Lower and basal leaves petioled, pinnate, often 1 1/2° long, the segments rather thin, ovate or oval, obtuse, sessile, lobed or incised and sharply dentate, 1' - 3' long; upper leaves generally much reduced; umbels several or numerous, 2'-6' broad, 7-15-rayed, the rays slender, 1/2-2' long; pedicels very slender, 3"-6" long in fruit; fruit broadly oval, 2 1/2-3 1/2 long, 2"-3" broad, the dorsal and intermediate ribs not prominent but the oil-tubes conspicuous.

Roadsides and waste places, a very common weed in nearly all parts of our area. Naturalized from Europe. June-Sept. Queen-weed. Bird's-nest. Hart's-eye.

1 Pastinaca Sativa L Wild Parsnip Madnep Tank 1465