This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
A glabrous climbing biennial vine, with decompound leaves. Petals 4, all permanently united into a narrowly ovate cordate persistent spongy corolla, 4-lobed at the apex. Stamens 6, monadelphous below, diadelphous above, adherent to the petals. Stigmas 2-crested. Capsule oblong, included in the persistent corolla. Seeds crestless. Closely related to certain Asiatic species of Bicuculla. [In honor of John Adlum, a gardener of Washington.]
A monotypic genus of eastern North America.
Weak, slender, climbing over other plants by its slender petioles. Leaves 2-3-pinnate, the primary divisions distant, the second more approximate, all slender-stalked; ultimate segments lobed or entire, very thin, ovate or cuneate, pale beneath; flowers numerous in axillary drooping cymes, 5"-7" long, 3" broad at the base, narrowly ovate, greenish purple; capsule 2-valved, few-seeded.
In moist woods and thickets, New Brunswick to Ontario and Michigan, south to North Carolina and Tennessee. Recorded from Kansas. Mountain-fringe. Alleghany-, canary- or cypress-vine. Fairy-creeper. Alleghany- or wood-fringe. June-Oct.