This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Perennial or biennial glabrous herbs, with erect, nearly or quite simple stems, and narrow leaves, the basal densely tufted, those of the stem sessile, and small red to rarely white flowers in clustered terminal cymes, the inflorescence in our species almost capitate. Calyx oblong-campanulate, not inflated, 4-5-toothed, 8-10-ribbed. Petals 4 or 5. much exceeding the calyx, each with a 2-cleft appendage at the base of the obovate emarginate blade. Stamens 10, exserted. Styles opposite the calyx-teeth, alternate with the petals. Capsule several-celled at the base, its teeth as many as the styles. [Latin, glutinous.]
Lychnis alpina L. Sp. Pl. 436. 1753.
Viscaria alpina G. Don, Gen. Syst. 1: 415. 1831.
Tufted, 3'-12' high, rather stout, glabrous, somewhat glaucous, not viscid. Basal leaves narrowly oblanceolate or linear, densely rosulate, 1/2'- 11/2' long, 1"-2" wide; stem-leaves distant, linear-lanceolate,, erect, acute or obtuse, about I' long; inflorescence dense, terminal, 1/2'-1' broad; bracts small, membranous; flowers pink, 3"-4" wide; calyx campanulate, 2" long, its teeth short, rounded; petals about twice the length of the calyx, obovate, 2-lobed; appendages minute.