This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Annual herbs, with repeatedly forking stems, elliptic oval or oblanceolate opposite mostly punctate very short-petioled leaves, small scarious stipules, and minute green apetal-ous flowers. Calyx 5-parted, its segments oblong, concave, not awned. Stamens 2-5, inserted on the base of the calyx; filaments filiform. Staminodia wanting. Ovary subglobose, compressed; styles 2, distinct, or united at the base; ovule solitary, amphitropous. Utricle sub-globose, somewhat compressed, longer than the calyx. [Derivation same as Paronychia.]
Only the following species, natives of eastern North America. Type species: Anychia dicho-toma Michx.
Pubescent; flowers sessile; stems mostly prostrate or ascending.
Glabrous or nearly so; flowers pedicelled; stems usually erect.
Anychia polygonoides Raf. Atl. Journ. 16. 1832. Anychia divaricata Raf. New Fl. N. A. 4: 42. 1836.
Pubescent, stems mostly prostrate or ascending, much forked, 3'-10' high, the internodes often shorter than the leaves. Leaves narrowly elliptic, 2"-4" long, 1/2"-1" wide, mucronate or acute at the apex, sessile, or the base tapering into a very short petiole, usually very numerous and crowded; flowers sessile in the forks, more or less clustered, scarcely \" high, inconspicuous except when fully expanded; stamens commonly 2 or 3, sometimes 5.
In dry woods, thickets and in open places, Maine to Minnesota, south to Florida, Alabama and Texas. Ascends to 5200 ft. in Georgia. Illustrated in our first edition as A. dichotoma Michx., but this proves to be the same as the following species. June-Sept.
Queria canadensis L. Sp. Pl. 90. 1753.
Anychia dichotoma Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 113. 1803.
Queria capillacea Nutt. Gen. 1: 159. 1818.
Anychia capillacea DC. Prodr. 3: 369. 1828.
Anychia canadensis B.S.P. Prel. Cat. N. Y. 1888.
Glabrous or very nearly so, stem very slender or filiform, usually erect, repeatedly forked above, 6'-12' tall, the internodes sometimes 1' long, much longer than those of the preceding species. Leaves elliptic, oval or sometimes ob-lanceolate, 3"-8" long, 1"-4" wide, obtuse or short-pointed at the apex, narrowed into petioles about 1" long, not crowded; flowers minute, more or less pedicelled.
In dry woods, Vermont and Ontario to Massachusetts and Georgia, west to Minnesota, Kansas and Arkansas. Ascends to 4200 ft. in North Carolina. June-Sept.