This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Rosa rubigmosa L. Mant. 2: 564. 1771.
Rosa micrantha J. E. Smith, Eng. Bot. pl. 2490.
Rosa eglanteria Mill. Dict. Ed. 8, no. 4. 1768. Not L. 1753.
Slender, 4°-6° high, or often forming longer wands, armed with stout recurved prickles. Stipules rather broad; rachis of the leaves glandular; leaflets 5-7, generally doubly serrate and densely glandular-pubescent and resinous beneath, very aromatic; flowers pink varying to white; calyx-lobes lanceolate, usually much lobed, spreading, deciduous, glandular-hispid; fruit oval or ovoid, 6"-10" long.
In thickets, pastures and waste places. Nova Scotia to Ontario, Tennessee, Virginia and Kansas. Adventive or naturalized from Europe; native also in central Asia. June-July. The Eglantine of Chaucer, Spenser and Shakspere. Hip-rose. Hip-brier. Bede-guar. Primrose. Kitchen-rose.
Rosa gįllica L., occasionally escaped from cultivation, differs in having weak slender prickles and much larger leaflets; it is native of Europe.
Rosa cinnamņmea L., the cinnamon rose, of Europe and Asia, with small double reddish flowers, and leaves downy-pubescent beneath, is occasionally found along roadsides in the Eastern and Middle States.
Rosa bracteata Wendl. Bot. Beob. 50. 1798.
A shrub with dark green, evergreen leaves, the stems and branches diffuse or spreading, sometimes 18°-20° long, armed with recurved prickles. Leaflets 5-11, obovate or oval, 1/2'-1' long, often wedge-shaped at the base, notched, truncate or apiculate at the apex, serrate, shining above; flowers solitary or few together; calyx-lobes acuminate, reflexed when old, persistent; petals white to yellow, retuse or notched; styles separate; fruit about „ in diameter.
Woods and waste places, Virginia to Florida, Tennessee and Mississippi. Naturalized from China. April-June.