11. Lespedeza Simulàta Mackenzie & Bush. Intermediate Bush-Clover

Fig. 2607

L. simulata Mackenzie and Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 12: 18. 1902.

Erect, stems glabrate or short-pubescent, 3o high or less. Leaflets oblong-linear to oblong-elliptic, 1/2'-2' long, 2"-6" wide, obtuse and mucronate at the apex, narrowed or rounded at the base, appressed-pubescent and more or less silvery especially beneath; spike sessile or short-peduncled, not longer than the leaves, rather densely several-flowered; petaliferous flowers purplish, 3"-4" long; calyx densely pubescent, 2 1/2"-3" long, nearly as long as the corolla, and two-thirds as long to longer than the densely pubescent ovate acute pod.

In dry soil, Connecticut to Ohio, Missouri, Pennsylvania and Oklahoma. Aug.-Oct.

12. Lespedeza Hirta (L.) Hornem. Hairy Bush-Clover

Fig. 2608

Hedysarum hirtum L. Sp. Pl. 748. 1753. Lespedeza hirta Hornem. Hort. Havn. 699. 1807.

Erect or ascending, rather stout, generally branching above, villous or silky-pubescent, 2°-4° high. Stipules subulate, 1"-2 1/2" long; petioles shorter than the leaves; leaflets oval, or suborbicular, obtuse at each end, sometimes emarginate at the apex, 6"-2" long; peduncles mostly elongated, often much exceeding the leaves; heads oblong-cylin-dric, rather dense, 1/2'-1 1/2' long; flowers all complete; corolla yellowish-white or the standard purple spotted, about 3" long; pod oval, acute, very pubescent, about equalling the calyx-lobes.

Dry soil, Maine and Ontario to Florida, Minnesota, Arkansas. Louisiana and Texas. Aug.-Oct.

A plant known as Lespedeza hirta oblongifòlia Britton, with leaves oblong, obtuse, 9"-15" long, 2"-4" wide, glabrate above, appressed-pubescent below; peduncles slender; spikes looser, 1' - 1 1/2' long; calyx very pubescent; in pine-barrens, Egg Harbor, N. J., and in the Southern States, may be a hybrid with L. angustifolia (Pursh) Ell. We do not know its fruit.

12 Lespedeza Hirta L Hornem Hairy Bush Clover 95012 Lespedeza Hirta L Hornem Hairy Bush Clover 951

13. Lespedeza Capitàta Michx. Round-Headed Bush-Clover

Fig. 2609

L. capitata Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 71. 1803. Lespedeza capitata var sericea H. & A. Comp. Bot.

Mag. 1: 23. 1835. Lespedeza frutescens Ell. Bot S. C. 2: 206. 1824. L. Bicknellii House, Torreya 5: 167. 1905. L. velutina Bicknell, Torreya 1: 102. 1901.

Stiff, erect or ascending, mainly simple and wand-like, silky, silvery pubescent, or somewhat villous, 2°-5 1/2° high. Stipules subulate; leaves nearly sessile; leaflets oblong, linear-oblong or narrowly elliptic, obtuse or acute at each end, 1'-1 1/2' long, 3"-$" wide; peduncles much shorter than the leaves, or the dense globose-oblong heads sessile in the upper axils; flowers all complete; corolla yellowish-white, with a purple spot on the standard, 3',' long; pod ovate-oblong, pubescent, about half as long as the calyx-lobes.

Dry fields, Ontario and Maine to Florida, Minnesota, Nebraska, Arkansas and Louisiana. Races differ in pubescence and in .width of leaflets. Aug.-Sept. Dusty-clover.

Lespedeza longifólia DC. (L. capitata longifolia T. & G.) of prairies, from Iowa to Missouri, Illinois and Kentucky, has linear to linear-lanceolate acute leaflets, and is a well marked race of L. capitata or a distinct species.