This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Erect from a perennial root, simple or sparingly branched, finely glandular-pubescent and viscid, 1°-3° high. Leaves oblanceolate or linear, acute, narrowed into a margined petiole or the upper sessile, 1'-3 1/2' long; flowers few, slender-pedicelled, white or purplish, 6"-10" long; petals scarcely longer than the tubular calyx, entire or emarginate at the apex, narrower than the au-ricled claw; capsule oblong-cylindric, 6"-8" long; seeds tuberculate.
In dry soil, Nebraska to Minnesota, Manitoba, west to California and Oregon. June-July.
Lychnis apetala L. Sp. Pl. 437. 1753.
Tufted, arctic or alpine, perennial, 3'-8' high, glandular-pubescent at least above. Stems I-flowered; leaves linear or oblanceolate, 1/2'-2 1/2' long, 1"-3" wide, sessile, or the lower narrowed into a petiole; flower nodding, 6"-8" long; petals narrow, 2-cleft, included in the calyx; calyx inflated, strongly purple-veined, its teeth triangular-ovate, acute; petals narrow, about 1" wide, minutely appendaged, equalling or shorter than the calyx, deeply 2-cleft; capsule erect, ovoid, 4" in diameter.
Labrador and throughout arctic America. Also in arctic and alpine Europe and Asia. Summer.
Lychnis affinis Vahl, in Fries, Mant. 3: 36. 1843.
Tufted, arctic, perennial, erect, 2-4' high, glandular-pubescent throughout. Basal leaves spatulate, obtuse, about 1/2' long, ciliate; stem-leaves linear, 1/2'-1' long, obtuse, sessile, or narrowed into a short broad petiole; flower erect, 4"-6" long; calyx oblong or ovate-campanulate, slightly inflated, its teeth short, acute; petals somewhat exserted, the blade narrowed below, emarginate and eroded, the appendages minute.
Labrador and arctic America and Europe. Summer.
Agrostemma Coronaria L. Sp. Pl. 436. 1753.
Lychnis Coronaria Desr. in Lam. Encycl. 3: 643. 1789.
Perennial, densely white-woolly all over; stem stout, erect or ascending, simple or branched, 1°-3° tall. Lower leaves spatulate, 2'-4' long, 6"-15" wide, narrowed into margined petioles; upper leaves oblong or lanceolate, sessile, acute or acuminate at the apex, narrowed or rounded at the base, the uppermost (bracts) usually small; flowers few, 1' broad or more, long-pedicelled in open terminal panicles; calyx oblong-campanulate, its teeth filiform-subulate, twisted, shorter than the tube; petals crimson.
Escaped from gardens to roadsides and waste-places, Maine to southern New York and Michigan and in Washington and Oregon. Native of Europe. Also called Rose-campion. Gardener's-eye. Gardener's-delight. June-Aug.