This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Annual, diffuse or ascending, glabrous fleshy branching herbs, with purplish or white flowers. Siliques sessile on the calyx, flattened or ridged, indehiscent, 2-jointed, the joints 1-celled and 1-seeded, or the lower one seedless, separating when ripe. Style none; cotyledons accumbent. [Old Arabic name.]
A genus of several species, natives of sea and lake shores of Europe and North America, one of them extending into tropical regions. Type species: Bunias Cakile L.
Cakile americana Nutt. Gen. 2: 62. 1818.
Cakile edentula Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 59. 1830.
Very fleshy throughout, bushy-branched from a deep root, the lower branches spreading or ascending, the central ones erect, 1° in height or less. Leaves oblanceolate, or obovate, obtuse, sinuate-dentate or lobed, narrowed at the base, the lower 3'-5' long; flowers light purple, 2"-3" broad; petals long-clawed, more than twice the length of the sepals; pod 6"-10" long, upper joint slightly longer than the lower, ovoid, angled, flattened, narrowed into a beak above; lower joint obovoid. not flattened.