Glaucous annual or biennial herbs, with alternate lobed or dissected leaves, large yellow-flowers, and saffron-colored sap. Sepals 2. Petals 4. Stamens 00. Placentae 2, rarely 3; stigma sessile, dilated, 2-lobed, the lobes convex. Capsule long-linear, 2-celled, dehiscent to the base. Seeds cancellate, crestless. [Name Greek, from the glaucous foliage.]

About 6 species, of the Old World, mainly of the Mediterranean region, the following typical.

1. Glaucium Gla¨cium (L.) Karst. Yellow Horned Or Sea Poppy

Fig. 1983

Chelidonium Glaucium L. Sp. Pl. 506. 1753. Glaucium flavum Crantz, Stirp. Aust. 2: 131. 1763. Glaucium luteum Scop. Fl. Cam. Ed. 2, 1: 369. 1772. Glaucium Glaucium Karst. Deutsch. Fl..649. 1880-83.

Stout, 2°-3° high, rigid, branching. Leaves thick, ovate or oblong, 3'-8' long, 1'-2' wide, scurfy, the basal and lowest cauline petioled, the upper sessile, clasping, pinnatifid, the divisions toothed, or the upper merely lobed; flowers axillary and terminal, 1'-2' broad; sepals scurfy; capsule narrowly-linear, 6'-12' long, tipped with the persistent stigma In waste places, Rhode Island, southward near the coast to Virginia, and in central New York. Widely diffused as a weed in maritime regions of the Old World. Adventive from Europe. Summer. Bruisewort. Squatmore.

1 Glaucium Gla Cium L Karst Yellow Horned Or Sea P 325