16. Crataegus CalpodÚndron (Ehrh.) Medic. Pear-Thorn. Pear Or Red Haw

Fig. 2350

Crataegus Crus-galli Mill. Dict. Ed. 8, n. 5. 1768.

Not L. Crataegus tomentosa Du Roi, Harbk. Baumz. Ed. 1, 183. 1771. Not L. Mespilus Calpodendron Ehrh. Beitr. 2: 67. 1788. C. Calpodendron Medic. Gesch. Bot. 83. 1793. C. Chapmani Ashe, Bot. Gaz. 28: 270. 1899.

A shrub or small tree, sometimes 200 high, with ascending and spreading branches forming a broad crown. Spines occasional, 1'-2' long; leaves rhombic-ovate, acute or acuminate at the apex, 11/2'-4 1/2 long, 1 1/4'-3' wide, finely and doubly serrate, those on the vegetative shoots obtuse and more entire than the others, pubescent on both sides, becoming scabrate above, subcoriaceous, dull green; corymbs white-tomentose; flowers about 7" broad; stamens about 20 (occasionally 10); anthers small, pink; styles and nutlets usually 2 or 3; fruit pyriform or ellipsoid (in var. microcarpa, globose), orange-red or red, 4" or 5" thick; calyx-lobes reflexed, laciniate; flesh glutinous; nutlets with deep pits in their ventral faces.

Central New York, northeastern New Jersey and Pennsylvania to Minnesota and Missouri, south in the mountains to northern Georgia. May-June; fruit ripe September. Long mistaken for C. tomentosa L. White or common (Pa.) thorn. Thorn-apple or -plum. Black thorn.

16 Crataegus Calpod Ndron Ehrh Medic Pear Thorn Pe 69216 Crataegus Calpod Ndron Ehrh Medic Pear Thorn Pe 693

17. Crataegus Glob˛sa Sargent. Globose-Fruited Thorn

Fig. 2351

Crataegus globosa Sarg. Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 19: 118. 1908.

A slender shrub, or tree, sometimes 250 high, with numerous spines 1-2 1/2' long. Leaves oval, obovate or elliptic, 1 1/2'-4' long, 1 1/4'-3 1/4' wide, coarsely serrate or doubly serrate with shallow, obtuse lobes towards the apex, acute or bluntish, broadly cuneate at the base, membranous, dark yellow-green and pubescent, becoming scabrate above, pubescent beneath; corymbs villous; flowers 7"-8" broad; calyx-lobes lanceolate, acuminate, glandular-laciniate; stamens about 20; anthers large, pink; styles and nutlets usually 2; fruit globose or short-ellipsoid, about 4" thick, light orange-red, shining; calyx-lobes closely appressed, often deciduous; nutlets with large shallow cavities on the ventral faces Southern Missouri to southeastern Kansas. May; fruit ripe October.

18. Crataegus Pertoment˛sa Ashe. Prairie Thorn

Fig. 2352

Crataegus pertomentosa Ashe, Journ. E. Mitch.

Soc. 16: 70. Feb. 1900. Crataegus campestris Britton, Bull. N. Y. Bot.

Gard. 1:5: 449. March 1900.

A small tree, sometimes 20° high, with nearly horizontal branches and a flattened crown. Spines numerous, curved, 1'-3 1/2' long; leaves oblong to obovate, 1 1/4'-2 3/4' long, i'-2.i' wide, acute at the apex, abruptly cuneate to rounded at the base, finely and doubly serrate or lobed, slightly villous or glabrate above, villous beneath, particularly along the veins, vivid dark green, subcoria-ceous; corymbs and calyx densely villous; flowers about 10" broad; stamens 10-15; styles and nutlets 2 or 3; calyx-lobes deeply serrate; fruit globular or nearly so, 4"-6" thick, cherry-red, villous when young.

Rocky barrens, Iowa, Kansas and Missouri. May: fruit ripe September.

18 Crataegus Pertoment Sa Ashe Prairie Thorn 69418 Crataegus Pertoment Sa Ashe Prairie Thorn 695