Perennial fleshy maritime herbs, with ovate obovate oblong or oblanceolate leaves, and rather small flowers, solitary in the axils and in the forks of the stem or branches. Sepals 5 (rarely 4). Petals the same number, entire. Stamens 8 or 10. Disk prominent, 8-10-lobed, glandular. Styles 3-5. Capsule subglobose, fleshy, 3-5-valved when mature, the valve entire. Seeds numerous, obovate, not strophiolate. [In honor of Gerhart August Honckeny, German botanist, 1724-1805.]

Two species, the following of sea beaches throughout the north temperate zone, the other of the coasts of northwestern America and northeastern Asia. Type species: Honkenya pcploides (L.) Ehrh.

1. Honkenya Peploides (L.) Ehrh. Sea-Beach Sandwort

Fig. 1793

Arenaria peploides L. Sp. Pl. 423. 1753. Honkenya peploides Ehrh. Beitr. 2: 181. 1788. Ammodenia peploides Rupr. Beitr. Pfl. Russ. Reich. 2: 25. 1845.

Perennial from long rootstocks, glabrous, fleshy throughout, stems stout, tufted, simple or branched, erect, diffuse or ascending, 3'-10' long. Leaves sessile, clasping, ovate or oval, acute or mucronate, 5"-10" long; flowers axillary and terminal, 3"-4" broad; peduncles stout, 2"-8" long; ovary 3-celled (rarely 4-5-celled); sepals ovate, obtusish, about equalling the petals, shorter than the depressed-globose mostly 3-valved pod; seeds smooth, short-beaked at the hilum, not strophiolate.

On sands of the seashore, Virginia to New Jersey and arctic America. Also in the shores of northern Europe and Asia. Called also sea-chickweed and sea-purslane or -pimpernel. June-July.

1 Honkenya Peploides L Ehrh Sea Beach Sandwort 135