Shrubs, with stiff spine-like branches, simple, linear stiff Very prickly leaves, and large yellow solitary or racemed flowers. Calyx membranous, mostly yellow, divided nearly to its base into 2 concave lips; upper lip mostly 2-toothed, and lower 3-toothed; teeth short. Standard ovate; wings and keel oblong, obtuse. Stamens monadelphous; anthers alternately longer and shorter, the shorter versatile. Ovary sessile, several-many-ovuled; style somewhat incurved, smooth. Pod ovoid, oblong or linear. Seeds strophiolate. [The ancient Latin name.]

About 20 species, natives of eastern Europe, the following typical.

7 Ulex L Sp Pl 741 1753 807

1. Ulex Europačus L. Furze. Gorse. Whin. Prickly Or Thorn Broom

Fig. 2465

Ulex europaeus L. Sp. Pl. 741. 1753.

Much branched, bushy, 2°-6° high, more or less pubescent. Branchlets very leafy, tipped with spines; leaves prickly, 2"-7" long, or the lowest sometimes lanceolate and foliaceous; flowers borne on twigs of the preceding season, solitary in the axils, 6"-8" long, the twigs appearing like racemes; pedicels very short, bracted at the base; calyx a little shorter than the petals, minutely 2-bracteo-late; pod few-seeded, compressed, scarcely longer than the calyx.

In waste places, eastern Massachusetts to southern New York and eastern Virginia, escaped from cultivation. Also on Vancouver Island. Fugitive from Europe. Ulim. May-July.