2. Kalmia Carolina Small. Southern Sheep-Laurel

Fig. 3229

Kalmia Carolina Small, Fl. SE. U. S. 886. 1903.

Similar to K. angastifolia in habit, but with the foliage, especially the younger parts, copiously fine-pubescent. Leaves oval to oblong, 2/3'-1 3/4' long, 4"-8" wide, obtuse, permanently canescent-tomentulose, at least beneath and paler beneath than above; flowers purplish, 3"-4 1/2" broad, numerous in small corymbs; pedicels very slender, canescent, 3"-6" long; calyx-segments oblong-lanceolate; style finely pubescent; capsules spheroidal, pale-pubescent and glandular, about 2" in diameter.

In open woods, Virginia and North Carolina. June-July.

3. Kalmia Latifòlia L. American Or Mountain Laurel. Calico-Bush

Fig. 3230

Kalmia latifolia L. Sp. Pl. 391. 1753.

Kalmia latifolia myrtifolia Rand, Rhodod. 125. 1876.

A shrub with very stiff branches and terete twigs, often forming dense thickets, 3°-20° high, rarely becoming a tree with a maximum height of about 400 and trunk diameter of 18'. Leaves alternate, or some of them opposite, or rarely verticillate in 3's, petioled, glabrous, oval, ovate-lanceolate, or elliptic, usually acute at both ends, rarely narrowly oblong-lanceolate, flat, green on both sides, persistent, 1'-5' long, 1/4'-1 1/2' wide; flowers 9"-12" broad, pink to white, numerous and showy in compound terminal corymbs; pedicels bracted and 2-bracteolate at the base, slender, 1/2'-1 1/2' long, densely glandular, erect, even in fruit; calyx and corolla glandular; capsule depressed-globose, 5-lobed, glandular, 2-3' in diameter; calyx and filiform style long-persistent, the latter falling when the capsule begins to open.

In woods, preferring sandy or rocky soil, New Brunswick to Ontario, Indiana, western Kentucky, Florida and Louisiana. Wood very hard, brown; weight per cubic foot 44 lbs. Clamoun. Spoonwood. Broad-ieaved kalmia. Ivy-bush. Wood- or small laurel. Big-leaved ivy. Spoonhunt. May-June.

3 Kalmia Latif Lia L American Or Mountain Laurel C 15723 Kalmia Latif Lia L American Or Mountain Laurel C 1573

4. Kalmia Polifòlia Wang. Pale Or Swamp Laurel

Fig. 3231

K. polifolia Wang. Beob. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 2:

Part 2. 130. 1788. Kalmia glauca Ait. Hort. Kew. 2: 64. pl 8. 1811.

A glabrous shrub, 6'-2° high, with erect or ascending branches, the twigs 2-edged. Leaves opposite or sometimes in 3's, very nearly sessile, oblong or linear-oblong, mostly obtuse at the apex, narrowed at the base, green above, white-glaucous beneath, ¥-2' long, 2"-6" wide, the margins revolute, often strongly so; flowers in simple umbels terminating the branches, few (1-13), purple, 5"-9" broad; pedicels filiform, 1/2'-1 1/2' long, erect, even in fruit; calyx-segments ovate, scarious-margined, acutish or obtuse, persistent; capsule depressed-globose, glabrous, about 2k" in diameter.

In bogs, Newfoundland to Hudson Bay and Alaska, south to Connecticut, northern New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Michigan, in the Rocky Mountains to Montana, and in the Sierra Nevada to California. Summer.