A small succulent perennial leafy herb, with opposite entire obtuse small fleshy leaves, and minute dimorphous nearly sessile axillary pink or white flowers. Calyx 5-parted, the lobes petaloid, imbricated in the bud, about equalling the campanulate tube. Corolla none. Stamens 5, inserted at the base of the calyx and alternate with its lobes; filaments subulate-filiform; anthers cordate, attached by their backs to the filaments. Ovary superior, ovoid, glandular; ovules few; style filiform; stigma capitellate. Capsule globose-ovoid, beaked, 5-valved at the top, few-seeded. Seeds ellipsoid. [Greek, sea-green.]

A monotypic genus of salt marshes, sea-beaches and other saline situations in the northern hemisphere.

9 Gla x Tourn L Sp Pl 207 1753 1641

1. Glaux Maritima L. Sea Milkwort. Black Saltwort

Fig. 3299

Glaux maritima L. Sp. Pl. 207. 1753.

G. maritima obtusifolia Fernald, Rhodora 4: 215. 1902.

Perennial by slender rootstocks, glabrous, pale or glaucous, simple or branched, erect or diffuse, 2'-12' high. Leaves oval, oblong or linear-oblong, rarely somewhat spatulate, sessile, 2"-7 1/2" long, 1"-4" wide, the lower usually smaller than the upper; flowers about 1 1/2" broad, solitary and very nearly sessile in the axils, usually numerous; calyx-lobes oval, pink, purplish or white; stamens either shorter than the style or exceeding it; capsule nearly enclosed by the calyx, but free from and about equalling it.

In salt marshes and on sea-beaches, New Jersey to Newfoundland; in saline or subsaline soil from Minnesota to Manitoba, Alberta, Nebraska and Nevada; on the Pacific Coast from California to Alaska. Also in Europe and Asia. Called also sea-trifoly. June-Aug.