2. Euonymus Obovātus Nutt. Running Strawberry Bush

Fig. 2798

Euonymus obovatus Nutt. Gen. 1: 155. 1818.

Euonymus americanus var. obovatus T. & G.; A. Gray, Gen. 2: 188. 1849.

A low decumbent shrub, seldom rising over a foot from the ground, branching, rooting from the prostrate twigs. Branches 4-angled or slightly winged; leaves obovate or elliptic-obovate, rather thin, mostly acute or cuneate at the base, obtuse at the apex, finely crenulate-serrulate, 1'-2' long, 1/2'-1 1/2' wide, glabrous; petioles 1"-2" long; peduncles 1-4-flowered; flowers greenish, smaller than in the preceding species, about 3" broad; petals generally 5, nearly orbicular, crenulate or erose, close together or even slightly overlapping, with scarcely any claw; capsule commonly 3-cell-ed, slightly lobed, depressed, tuberculate.

In low woods, southern Ontario to Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey (?), Illinois, Michigan, and Kentucky. Blooms earlier than E. americānus. April-May.

2 Euonymus Obov Tus Nutt Running Strawberry Bush 1140

3. Euonymus Atropurpųreus Tacq. Burning Bush. Wahoo

Fig. 2799

Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq. Hort. Vind. 2: 5. pl. 120. 1772.

A shrub or small tree, 6°-25° high. Twigs obtusely 4-angled; leaves ovate-oblong or elliptic, 1 1/2'-5' long, \'-2\' wide, acuminate at the apex, acute or obtuse at the base, puberu-lent, especially beneath, crenulate-serrulate, rather thin; petioles 4"-8" long; peduncles very slender, 1'-2' long, bearing a trichoto-mous 5-15-flowered cyme; pedicels 3"-6" long; flowers purple, 5"-6" broad; petals commonly 4, obovate, undulate; capsule smooth, deeply 3-4-lobed, 6"-8" broad.

Ontario to Florida, Montana, Nebraska and Oklahoma. Wood nearly white: weight per cubic foot 41 lbs. Indian-arrow. Strawberry-tree or -bush. Bitter-ash. Arrow-wood. Spindle-tree. June.

3 Euonymus Atropurp Reus Tacq Burning Bush Wahoo 11413 Euonymus Atropurp Reus Tacq Burning Bush Wahoo 1142

4. Euonymus Europačus L. Spindle-Tree

Fig. 2800

Euonymus europaeus L. Sp. Pl. 197. 1753.

A glabrous shrub, 3°-9° high, resembling the preceding species. Leaves oblong to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, crenulate; peduncles mostly less than 1' long, stouter; cymes 3-7-flowered; flowers greenish-yellow or yellowish-white, about 5" broad; petals 4 (rarely 5), oblong or obovate; capsule smooth, deeply 4-lobed.

Escaped from cultivation to copses and roadsides, Virginia, New York and New Jersey. June. Arrow-beam. Prick-timber. Prickwood. Cat-tree. Pegwood. Pincushion-shrub. Skiver- or skewer-wood. Witch-wood. Louseberry. Gatteridge. Butchers' prick-tree. Gaiter- or Gatten-tree. European dogwood.