4. Chamaesyce Petaloidea (Engelm.) Small. White-Flowered Spurge

Fig. 2735

Euphorbia petaloidea Engelm. Bot. Mex. Bound.

Surv. 185. 1859. C. petaloidea Small, Fl. SE. U. S. 711. 1903.

Annual, pale green, glabrous. Stem usually rather stout, erect, branched above, 6'-2° high; leaves opposite, linear, oblong or linear-lanceolate, 5"-1' long, obtuse, usually flat, straight, entire, slender-petioled; stipules a fringe of setae; involucres solitary in the axils, oblong-campanu-late, 1" long, bearing 4 wineglass-shaped glands about as long as the lobes, each subtended by a white ovate or orbicular entire or undulate appendage; peduncles as long as the involucres; capsule globose-reniform, 1" long; seeds oblong-ovoid, nearly 1" long, ash-colored, minutely pitted, nearly terete.

Prairies, Iowa to Wyoming, Missouri, Texas and Arizona. July-Sept.

4 Chamaesyce Petaloidea Engelm Small White Flowere 10774 Chamaesyce Petaloidea Engelm Small White Flowere 1078

5. Chamaesyce Zygophylloides (Boiss Small. Prairie Spurge

Fig. 2736

Euphorbia petaloidea var. Nuttallii Engelm. Bot. Mex.

Bound. Surv. 185. 1859. E. zygophylloides Boiss. Cent. Euph. 10. 1860. Euphorbia arenaria Engelm. & Gray, Bost. Journ. Nat.

Hist. 5: 260. 1847. Not Nutt. 1837.

Annual, bright green, glabrous. Stem slender, erect or ascending, branched, 4'-2° high, the branches wiry, leaves mostly linear and mucronulate or truncate at the apex, often involute, obtuse or narrowed at the base, petioled, usually curved, the midvein prominent; stipules lanceolate or subulate-lanceolate; involucres solitary in the axils, campanulate, less than 1" long, long-peduncled, bearing 4 saucer-shaped glands subtended by white entire oblong or ovate appendages; seeds ovoid, 3/4" long, gray, 4-angled.

Prairies, Missouri and Kansas to Texas and Mexico. June-Sept.

6. Chamaescye Féndleri (T. & G.) Small. Fendler's Spurge

Fig. 2737

Euphorbia Fendleri T. & G. Pac R. R. Rep. 2:

175. 1855. Chamaesyce Fendleri Small, Fl. SE. U. S. 710. 1903.

Annual (or perennial by a woody root), pale green, glabrous. Stem diffusely branched from the base, the spreading wiry branches 4'-8' long, brittle; leaves suborbicular, oval or elliptic, 1 1/2"-4" long, obtuse, entire, short-petioled, the base oblique, obtuse or subcor-date; stipules usually a fringe of short setae; involucres solitary in the axils, sometimes clustered toward the ends of the branches, campanulate, 1"-2 1/2" high, with 4 or 5 saucer-shaped oval glands subtended by irregular entire or slightly lobed appendages; peduncles about as long as the involucres; capsule deflexed, 1 /2" in diameter, sharply 3-lobed; seeds ovoid, 3/4" long, transversely wrinkled.

Nebraska and Wyoming to Texas, Mexico, Utah and Arizona. April-Oct.

6 Chamaescye F Ndleri T G Small Fendler s Spurge 10796 Chamaescye F Ndleri T G Small Fendler s Spurge 1080