9. Lactuca Villosa Jacq. Hairy-Veined Blue Lettuce

Fig. 4076

L. villosa Jacq. Hort. Schoen. 3: 62. pl. 367. 1798. Sonchus acuminatus Willd. Sp. Pl. 3: 1521. 1804. Mulgedium acuminatum DC. Prodr. 7: 249. 1838. L. acuminata A. Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 73. 1883.

Annual or biennial; stem glabrous, leafy up to the paniculate inflorescence, 2°-6° high. Leaves oblong, ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, acutely dentate or the teeth mucronate-tipped, glabrous above, pubescent with short stiff hairs on the veins beneath, sessile and slightly clasping at the base, or petioled, 4'-6' long, 1'-2 1/2' wide, the lowest sometimes lobed at the base; heads numerous, 3"-5" broad; peduncles usually minutely scaly; rays blue; involucre about 5" high, its outer bracts much shorter than the inner, some or all of them obtuse; achenes thick, oblong, little flattened, narrowed above; pappus white.

In thickets, New York to Illinois, Nebraska, south to Florida, Georgia and Kentucky. July-Sept. False lettuce.

9 Lactuca Villosa Jacq Hairy Veined Blue Lettuce 7479 Lactuca Villosa Jacq Hairy Veined Blue Lettuce 748

10. Lactuca Floridana (L.) Gaertn. False Or Florida Lettuce

Fig. 4077

Sonchus floridanus L. Sp. Pl. 794. 1753- Lactuca floridana Gaertn. Fruct. & Sem. 2: 362. 1791.

Mulgedium floridanum DC. Prodr. 7: 349. 1791.

Annual or biennial; stem glabrous, rather stout, leafy up to the large, paniculate inflorescence, 3°-7° high. Leaves deeply lyrate-pinnatifid, or sometimes cordate-ovate, sessile or petioled, 4'-12' long, glabrous above, pubescent on the veins beneath, the terminal segment usually broad, triangular, acute or acuminate, the lateral ones lanceolate to oval, acute, all usually dentate, or the leaves irregularly lobed; heads numerous, 3"-5" broad; peduncles commonly scaly; rays blue; involucre about 6" high, its outer bracts much smaller than the inner; achenes thick, somewhat compressed, narrowed above into a short beak; pappus white.

In moist, open places, southern New York and Pennsylvania to Illinois, Kansas, Florida and Texas. Porto Rico. July-Sept.

11. Lactuca Spicata (Lam.) Hitchc. Tall Blue Lettuce

Fig. 4078

Sonchus spicatus Lam. Encycl. 3: 401. 1789. Mulgedium leucophaeum DC. Prodr. 7: 250. 1838. Lactuca leucophaea var. integrifolia A. Gray, Syn. Fl. 1: Part 2, 444. 1884. Lactuca spicata integrifolia Britton, Mem. Torr.

Club 5: 350. 1894. L. spicata Hitchc.; Britt. & Brown, 111. Fl. 3: 276.

1898.

Annual or biennial; stem usually stout, glabrous, 3°-12° high, leafy up to the large, rather dense panicle. Leaves deeply pinnatifid or lobed to entire, sharply dentate with mu-cronate-pointed teeth, sessile, or the lower narrowed into margined petioles, glabrous on both sides, or pubescent on the veins beneath, 5'-12' long, 2'-6' wide; heads very numerous, about 2" broad; peduncles minutely scaly; rays blue to white; achenes oblong, compressed, narrowed above into a short neck; pappus brown.

In moist soil, Newfoundland to Manitoba, North Carolina, Tennessee, Iowa, South Dakota and Colorado. Ascends to 2000 ft. in North Carolina. Races differ in leaf-form and in color of the flowers. Milk-weed. July-Oct.

11 Lactuca Spicata Lam Hitchc Tall Blue Lettuce 749